Decoration and folk art

Decoration and folk art


Basic information
The time of publication:2003-3
Press:Chongqing Publishing House
Author:Wang Hu
Pages:86
BookTitle:Decoration and folk art
Summary of contents
The decoration is a human instinct, it germinates in a healthy heart, it is active in every corner of life. Since ancient times, as long as there are traces of humanity, will leave traces of decoration. But what exactly is the decoration: decoration is a good? Decoration is a kind of art style? Decoration is an attachment? Decoration is the essence of art embellishment or art? Decoration decoration everything or be of no great importance? We often find it difficult to answer. We only know, want the decoration from the earth like the water removed from the world squeezed as inscrutable. Decoration can be an object, its existence is only for pleasure for people. Decoration can also is a kind of artistic style, the unique style has opened up people's inner image, let a person see an exaggeration and modified the natural scene. Whether as a pleasure for people decoration, or as an artistic style and modification, it affiliated properties seem to can hardly be avoided. 
Catalog
Summary: the decoration and folk art phenomenon even value the first part handmade folk art folk art second part third part fourth part of folk art, folk art, folk handicrafts 1 folk jade 2 folk ceramics 3 people lacquer 4 folk metal 5 folk smoking 6 folk architectural decoration Annex 7 folk knitting, two folk art folk New Year paintings printed 1 2 3 4 5 paper-cut folk art folk carving 6 shadow 7 folk embroidery 8 folk weave three, folk art (visual) 1 folk folk sugar 2 plastic 3 folk Kitchen 4 carved folk paper 5 folk toys 6 masked 7 8 folk folk costume jewelry postscript 
Chapter abstract
We eat rice Digest painting professional staff, after look down from a height to look elegant, tolerance to criticize a pass, the heart had to admit: compared to the "orthodox" art, folk art has indeed we all talk but difficult to have as "visual tension, impact force, the force of infection". This force, aesthetic standards are from the rustic author that tell us a different way of life caused by and drawing method. They never thought and aesthetic principle "we advertised cotton", will be a valuable and assertive personality, kept intact. Once we get too close, folk art. More than 20 years ago, "Huxian, Jinshan farmers painting", a beginning is really good stuff, after fame, all aspects of care, more good "-" cultural people "like", the county cultural centers cadres to farmers painters to do a "fine arts training class", to teach they "art of basic skills," one can imagine the result. The good thing is we have a lot of waste, "enthusiastic" in the folk art of the town now often do bad thing. Folk art is the most cherished components, it is a creative in one's real feelings, two it is reflected in "perpetrate whatever evils one pleases", the quality also need farmer painters for many years before the formation of the "practice". They must figure out the exact shape you like things "image" (Wen Zhouzhou's word is "mark"), according to the possible methods, materials, application objects gradually make for their own practice, it is not easy, not accomplish at one stroke. We are such "painter", "culture", from the beginning to get used to other people's eyes to see, using other people's mouth to say, with someone else's head to think, although is understand to come over, but to correct, that almost difficult to give up smoking and drinking. The brothers and sisters that Frank licentious "rough strength", we simply learn not to come. What we do not know, what to teach people! Chinese door very fine technology, called "the art of bonsai". In the process of plant growth, with iron wire, rope and tied it and tie, let the plant in accordance with the intention of forming his own. This method used in the plant body is cruel, to deal with the "peasant artist" is too unreasonable. It is said that in ancient away "sunflower" word, is a cross legged, with persistent saplings in a busy. No wonder China artists since the humanity, is "Gardeners" constantly cutting, binding, grinding, get with "vegetative" like. Finally he also boiled a "gardener", natural catch who, have a try, care, care. With such care of people and objects, what a "personality" to speak of? No "personality" things that can't be called art, there is no "personality" people cannot when the artist. Consider, in our side, the man as "bonsai" thing every day. Are folk art "destruction" of such "values", "standard", "aesthetic consciousness", in fact, many are we be opinionated subjective imagination. Based on our limited experience, through unilateral, narrow point of view, we often think of themselves on the visual expression of well, as well as their bank account numbers, overripe in mind. With the self-confidence, for they are not familiar with things, plus whipped or wilfully distorted. "No flow" of the works of folk art, and its creator -- with dishevelled hair and a dirty face master artisans and rustic farmer brother, really give us a good a lesson. Folk art because of its vivid personality is valuable. Since it is "art", have to restrict inherent in art performance in four aspects, on the other, color, composition, creative a henchman also cannot lack. These "common" is not enough, must also have its unique quality strongly, also is the "personality". The reason is very simple, who also doesn't love old look as like as two peas. As Uedate Ko, would you like a table of dishes, in addition to love eating large pig's trotters, always some fish, vegetables ah what? No matter what dishes, as long as delicious to eat. Vegetables rose L, personal love. Of course, a style, levelThe problem. The world is still great chefs and foodies the quarrelsome lovers coexist, mostly because the former can provide both delicious and good-looking, delicious food products out of the ordinary, and the latter can understand the perfect combination of the "common" and "personality". Light good-looking, not to eat, it will not count. (now many "cooking contest" in this mistake); light taste, not seen, that is not big, ugly; a delicious looking "Home Dishes", not the originality of the "signature dishes", where eat drink, the shop owner can forget fortune. On this question, painting and cooking is actually matter. Any outstanding works of art are "common" and "personality" have both at the same time. The paintings of this sort of thing, unless you a lifetime to work in under the bed, wardrobe for others to see, or always want to show to others. Not only for others to see, to get people's consensus, is self-evident. Even if not that, perhaps this meaning. Consensus process, at least in the visual "communication" was relatively smooth. That is to say, have to think of a way to attract the attention of others. This is a big knowledge. Folk art artists is a skill than many of us. In addition to distinct personality dimensions, their body language in painting. The master, in between both naturally or half unconsciously, in accordance with the rules of painting, but also in accordance with the possibility of their own, find the suitable way of expression. Excellent works of folk art in the other, many with the overall feeling of prominent. For example, Hebei, Tianjin New Year paintings in the "door", Shaanxi cloth tiger, Wuxi "Fu", Beijing "clay figurine Zhang Xiwen" of the role, regardless of people and animal, is really a big lump in, only some small ears, a small nose in local screw, is back bear waist, both men and women, big head are accounted for a small. The beast is charmingly naive, gentle and kind, not the whole teeth and sharp claws. They All blend into one harmonious whole. stocky, rich, full of expansion in the vision, some "domineering". Flowers and grass is also a big flower, "arrogant" very. Although the prototype entry is great, but people can see at a glance, for no reason. With a unique angle of view, their own life experience, his likes and dislikes judgment (culture called "aesthetic"). The object to an out and out people transformation (called "culture art", "art reproduction"), a new things like to. Perhaps this should be a "source J: life, higher than life". Folk art color more excellent works first. The country is bold, not the most to make red color not together into a. Gaudy and showy purple orange, red instead of red, pink, with a green instead of green, blue instead of violet, yellow instead of lemon yellow, rarely used color, color, but not to the strongest contrast color to share. Mitigative effect of color area, also is the balanced distribution of black, large area floor white, plus the cold hot silver, gold. So when we look at the works of folk art, often feel a burst of be dizzy over, force vision "expansion, infection was forced to admire works live". To form the folk art is the vast. Artisans and farmers not attended Academy of Fine Arts, complex correlation where know what composition and material sense, point line surface, between sparse and dense, visual focus and background. But they can be very slippery to express themselves in the processing of the screen in the game command. We can see from many of his works, the subject matter occupy absolute proportion of (or man or animal or flower or grass), coordinate the relationship with appendages. Such as Shaanxi paper-cut characters in flowers: plate faces incised with a small mouth and big eyes, the body will be carved fine lines. Center Fengrun thick large flowers, such as the edge is carved, differential curl is incised leaves. And vice versa. Remember the wonderful one: Fisherman's face, hands and feet because it is incised, just a block (only one to have the whites of the eyes, the pupil of the eye), body of the coir raincoat is leaf clearly, mimi. Fishing basket and a hooked fish too garish. The whole picture is easily done sufficient play, did not see stick, dull. This together with the bulk, surface and line, bend and fold change, it is to do a job with skill and ease in processing, not our studio cudgel thinking can do well. Not to say that everything is fine works of folk art, which is also the dragons and fishes jumbled together, hardly identification. But caution is emphasized, the worst in the works of folk art, is less than some of our exhibition and award-winning works so ugly (I can't specifically say), the best, but a little better than the world as a classic works (Egypt, Greece mural painting such as bottle). When it comes to Egypt, Greece, who can prove that those works are not foreigners in the folk artists painting! Anyway, for a long time, the author also forget (or never leave), then the western art critic. Eye ", is not something. Not only is the art. In fact, as so many people know, folk art is the original form of the world art, in other words, the folk art is any mainstream art (Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, reluctantly and Greece -- one of the sources of Rome), has also been a variety of Art (Art) is an important part of. And now, the western world popular "RAP" rap music, jazz, "graffiti" painting, "tango" dance, dance "bang", which is not a genuine folk art? We are China "artist", lest and folk artists will hang the bait, demeaning. This mentality is very some social origins. Chinese society was an "official standard" country,., books can be bought, can do a good job in official business. Modern Chinese, to foreigners bullied for over 100 years, the country was poor, the foreigner's hard, too bad, do old people copy of this part, according to the head along the brain couldn't stay. A wise man can not change the foreigners, at least make an official to do. So, people afraid of officer, officer if foreigners, foreigners if people, really messed up a good. A poor mouth, short legs are soft, originally rare baby things, but also by the adults say, be foreigners choose the remaining things will fall a lot, also look not pleasing to the eye. Although the passage of time, the Chinese nation "and" the most dangerous, many people Chinese thawing in the bone marrow of faith if official heartState, but can not eradicate. This is one of the causes of folk art, folk art Chinese than the western world attention. And our national civilization history almost as Chinese folk art for a long time, will also be in its original authors most loving way to survive, is so rich and colorful, be full of vitality. If you want to see, you can see....... Digest 1...... 
Media attention and comments
Order of the decoration is a human instinct, it germinates in a healthy heart, it is active in every corner of life. Since ancient times, as long as there are traces of humanity, will leave traces of decoration. But what exactly is the decoration: decoration is a decoration items? Is an art style? Decoration is a decoration is the essence of appendages? Art embellishment or decoration art? Everything or decoration be of no great importance? We are often difficult to answer. We only know, want the decoration from the earth like the water removed from the world squeezed like incredible. Decoration is a distant, it is revealed that the original human wisdom of art and life, the decoration is the fashion, it builds the ideal dream the future. Decoration is vast, the garden building small to daily necessities, big scope, category of any a kind of art form daunting; decoration is mysterious, elegant and secular, tradition and innovation, luxury and simple, noisy and quiet...... Because the sake of mortals saint and decoration. Decoration is a free and easy, it never left over the course of history, prosperous times for decoration and more prosperous, the era of decline because of decoration and retain a helpless and Kiyojun; decoration is everlasting, humanity can corrupt, faith can devalue, art may decline, but still in the decoration decoration, decoration just decoration. Decoration can be an object, its existence is only for pleasure for people. Decoration can also is a kind of artistic style, the unique style has opened up people's inner image, let a person see an exaggeration and modified the natural scene. Whether as a pleasure for people decoration, or as an artistic style and modification, it affiliated properties seem to can hardly be avoided. Affiliated to the subsidiary, role of decoration in the design of it can not be avoided. Open the design history of the development of any country, can find a left decorative do not know how to design era. In the initial stage of design is to beautify people think, is the decoration. Almost all the design domain: packaging, advertising, clothing, daily necessities and so is the decorative pattern rule all the land. After the industrial revolution, with the standardized into people's daily life, designers began to consider what the machines and tools on the decorative pattern has much value. Start thinking about nature, design, value orientation and the design idea of the spirit of. People's sense of design once awake, decoration will be the first to bear the brunt to be questioned and rejection, people have the spirit of innovation can no longer stand by the decoration to the mercy of our design, they again tried to transcend the decoration, with a more direct design representation and pure power can replace the landscaping and modification. They even to decorate the war, that it blocked the people to the design concept, disturbed the normal design procedure, the alienation relationship between design function and design aesthetics, so the decoration from some design field eliminate. Building designers once advocated a no decorative architecture, packaging design history there have been no decorative packaging. Decorative pattern, decorative pattern is also very decent from some fields to retreat, at least not yet designers intend to TV or computer casing with a decorative pattern. However, no decorative patterns does not mean that there is no decoration and decoration ideas. TV, computer, a button shape, brand character, shape and position of the trend lines, button shape, brand design and character, all these have a beautiful and modified, even without the decoration patterns can not be evaded, get rid of decoration. Show no pattern forms is a decoration ideas. Many with war decoration designers, eventually found pure design is merely a form of decoration, a more "pure" decoration. Of course, has its own special function will be design, packaging needs accurate visual communication and the protection of goods, advertising the need for accurate demand and targeted audience, TV and computer apparently to convenient operation and performance optimization in the first place. But these functions need not conflict and decoration and beautification, decoration is not going to and the design idea to go. On the contrary, good design is highly unity of the two: both beautiful and practical, fashionable and comfortable, can be good to hear or see, well, what is there against it. Notable is, today, meaning of decoration in the design of the obviously we need to further understand the. Decoration is a kind of "affiliated", but it is often loaded with the "culture" of the part. Because of the existence of the history of decorative design without light disappeared. So that we in the luxurious and full decoration enjoying the sunshine of modern civilization, in mottled and desolate decoration appreciate the ancient civilization overthrew groan and pain. Decoration is a "subsidiary". But in modern life, the affiliated essential. With the improvement of living standards, decorative element in life will be more and more. People in order to enjoy and decoration, in order to display and decoration, in order to appreciate and decoration, in order to interest the decoration, in order to meet the decorative, and decoration for pleasure,...... Even for decoration and ornamentation. "Affiliate", decoration from time to time in secret with people's temperament and soul, this is no one can deny. Decoration is a kind of "affiliated", can be in the design, "affiliated" is not absolute, "affiliated" may become the decisive factor for the success of. Leading the world trend of Paris fashion, not least because the warm body covering its function, decoration, modified its function is decided all factors. The warm naked into a subsidiary function of decoration. Decoration is a decoration, it is destined to be the important content of design. Decorative patterns can exit from the steam locomotive on the head, but the fastest in the world of French TGV is still a striking color for decoration. We can laugh at you gentle hanging decorative patterns in the killings of weapons, but we still can be seen in the most modern fighter is decorated with the canine teeth of the graphics.Here, as in the decoration to design too nervous to relax the muscles and bones, nervous more than a little fun. Decoration is often a design function added essential affinity, between the physical function and mental influence subtly play balance and regulation. We do not agree with the design only is the decoration, decoration not design universal verbs. Design too much trouble decoration easily lead to empty, we follow the beaten track, Ni Yang barrier against copying, packing, decoration, facade style and can not compensate for lack of content. However, the fact is quite a long time, the decoration is a forgotten corner of the. The connotation of decoration, decoration, decoration of the concept of mental interest, decoration to ignore. Decoration once and design, by the design of cold, decoration own survival became a problem, it seems to lack of pity, natural decoration culture must also be ignored, it is necessary to be aware of, because it will eventually lose more and more flourishing itself. Blindly decoration, design is bound to become more and more pale. One can not be overlooked is the fact that the end of the age of 50, most people in developed countries spend a surge in personal hobby of time and money. This time, economists concluded: out of a country's NGP index shows that, when people spend on food and clothing on the money is less than half of the revenue, the proportion of life of leisure will be more and more. It also means, will be more and more demand for decorative life, design of decorative content will be more and more big, more and more without decoration design. In seventeenth Century the Poet Zhang Chao has a few words "flower to have butterflies, mountain to have springs, stone can't no moss, water can not be without algae, trees can not be without the vines, person can not be without." It is in the call: packaging can not do without decoration, clothing can not do without decoration, Home Furnishing environment can not do without decoration, life can not do without decoration, any kind of design can not be without decoration. Decorative spirit alive. Launched this series purpose is based on the above considerations. Discussion on some scattered in all areas of design decoration and decoration ideas, to explore the value of decoration in the information age, to explore the characteristics of the new era decoration. We do not intend to decoration to navigate the design categories all design category, but all avoid decoration. This series of foot you experts product research and long-term thinking, from their own unique perspective, and the combination of design class specific, said their understanding of the unique decoration. Unified series does not emphasize the style, not blind man Ming Law for the exact, precise as academic writings, is as handsome as essayistic, also have broad words in dialogue. Read this book, readers will not follow the same pattern in the definition to understand decoration, will find their own sense of decoration, decoration also find location in their hearts, in the. Decoration can help you realize one's ambition in various fields of design, decoration can always give your life to add fun.
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