The time of publication:2012-5Press:Peking University pressAuthor:Han XiaoliPages:356Words:322000BookTitle:By the transformation of folk opera
Han Xiaoli, born in 1977, Shanxi Fanshi County, doctor of history, Professor of Chinese social history research center of Shanxi University. Research and teaching work has long been engaged in Chinese social history and cultural history, in the "modern history research", "Anti Japanese War", "history of monthly" and other publications published academic papers.
The copyright page: on the street Yangko mainly show in the sweet dumplings of glutinous rice flour Festival, become part of the village's Shehuo activities of sweet dumplings of glutinous rice flour. Performance form is dressed up and ugly as two childe, hand-held fan lead, lead the back hub angle and take small cymbals, playing a drum of the male two rows marching down the street. The lead son say such as "men farming women weaving, gas and gas make housework. Expect a good harvest this year, children and grandchildren family "such auspicious words. Say this, in the sound of gongs and drums, two or three actors into the centre of the site, along with dance and sing a few little song, sing again before, to step on the entire village street. When the singing Festival is mostly in the third person that knowledge, several allusions, Xu scenery. Dance is also very simple, basically is a kind of dance form. The Qing emperor Jiaqing and Dao Guang years, Qixian, Taigu area of commercial prosperity, the frequent exchanges of business people, some southern fashionable ditty and drama into Jinzhong. By these drama inspired by folk artists started to sing to reflect the rural life of verbal repertoire, such as "cut Tian", "home" and "sleeve", "change of flowers", the story and the characters in these plays, into the role of Sheng, Dan, ugly three rows in table his form also is no longer on the street alone, the soil of Taiwan but on the street on the temporary use of the door up to perform. Although the form and content is also very simple, but it can be said that the Qitai Yangge has "opera features a song and dance to tell the story". Similar to the Qitai Yangge, Xiang Wu Yangko is originated from Xiangyuan rural sweet dumplings of glutinous rice flour's Shehuo activities. According to local artists say, about the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, in the northern area of Xiangyuan the emergence of a new form of singing, people usually sing folk songs and rammers combined with words -- mostly local celebrate the harvest festival songs, for local singing. Because mainly women spend their spinning hum minor tone, so at that time also called spinning floral. Later, in concert with gongs and drums, made a small story libretto, formed a sweet dumplings of glutinous rice flour Shehuo of Nao yangko. About in the Guangxu years, Henan Qinyang county with the father of Zhang Jinchuan fled to Liang Cun, Xiangyuan, to learn the local Yangko, later he went to Changzhi West Fire village blacksmith, learned to West Fire Yangko, then two dance mixes, the formation of a new cavity. This new cavity soon spread in Xiangyuan, Wuxiang two counties, a predecessor of Xiang Wu yangko. Another legend, Xiang Wu Yangko dating back about 140 years, is a kind of rammers evolved. When the rammers popular in yam city Changzhi county area, the melody is very simple, the libretto is by ramming one Impromptu fill. About in the middle of the nineteenth Century, a run Township master blacksmith Zhang Jinchuan, the rammers brought to Wuxiang Xiahe area, widely used local ramming, villagers said the rammers as blacksmith Dan song. Later, Smith Dan Song gradually developed into errands Yangko, form andCAI Jie Qi too Yangko Yangko in similar to that prevailing in the local. No matter where Xiang Wu Yangko origins, which are considered to be the product of folk crafts. Guangxu ten years (1884), sponsored by the Shang Liang Cun artist Wang Fusuo, the focus of Xiangyuan, Wuxiang two counties under the jurisdiction of the benign and good, Xi Ying, city bottom 18 village music Yangko class artist, formed a semi professional 18 village Yangko classes, in the local time. With the development of 18 village Yangko matures, increasingly perfect in the role, singing and musical instruments, Xiang Wu Yangko opera stage eventually become the new rural popular. And the Qitai Yangge, Xiang Wu Yangko "by the song and the development process of drama", Qixian Wen Qu Cun popular Wu Yangko has a legendary. According to local people, Wen Qu Cun Wu Yangko even the earliest can be traced back to the Ming dynasty.
The first chapter introduction by song and play Yangko the first section from the legend about the second Yangko class agency and artist third in rural society. second chapter Yangko Yangko in rural society. the first record since folk Yangko opera second rich country third day free life as the emotional world of Fourth cultural performances of rural society in third chapter opera reform movement and rural drama the first section at the beginning of the twentieth Century movement to improve the opera second times change the country performing third Yangko opera in the political expression of fourth chapter the drama movement the first section from the folk troupes to revolutionary theatre second folk artists of the political transformation of third script Yangko transformation and creation of section fourth in the context of revolution Yangko Opera fifth chapter revolution, opera and country social the first war village environment second drama drama education to the public third was transformed with the reserved culture Fourth festival in the countryside and the countryside. the Yangge The six chapter "the play changes" under the Yangko opera the first 50 years of the twentieth Century, "play" second "reform" and "change" third Yangko opera "innovation" fourth section of political discourse rural drama seventh chapter "regression" folk folk second day return to culture stage after second is from new to old Yangko opera third festival folk troupe spring the appendix farmers, artists, the family of folk artists Yangko oral history interviews my art career from two folk artists to "public family" three we theatre and old Colonel Four "singing Yangge is a flourishing" Five "Taoyuan, Yangko traditional" @##@ references.
"Field and society series was the transformation of the folk opera: social history" in twentieth Century Shanxi Yangko opera as the center to carry out research object of modern Chinese social history to folk culture and tradition as. The Yangko opera as the focus of attention, in the context of northern rural society change 100 years, show folk opera's survival condition, especially focus on how to transform the country folk opera; through analyzing this transformation process, reveals the interactive relationship between state and countryside. Changes in rural society, directly affect the folk opera rise and fall; the new Yangko opera changed the old, reflect social changes.
"By the transformation of Folk Opera: social history" in twentieth Century Shanxi Yangko opera as the center of the published by the Peking University press.
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