The time of publication:2012-9Press:World Book Inc, wave after wave publishing companyAuthor:TensionPages:478Words:496000BookTitle:Kung Fu Secrets
The first chapter is about "the action director" of the 1.1 foreign language world "action director" "action director" (action) is a martial arts action movie creation soul. Relative to the position created western film music, photography, art, editing, it is the only one that is born in China and to the world film. As an action movie position, action director has a "martial arts", "martial arts design" and "the action guide" and other titles. Along with the Chinese martial arts film to enter the international market, action director in the western world is experiencing a universal and unified process. Action director, an English translation of the most common is the "Martial Arts Director". "Martial" in "modern Chinese Dictionary" interpretation of "war and the military". "Intuitive understanding of Martial Arts Director" is the art of War: Research director. "Martial" should have "Kung Fu", "martial arts", "combat", extended meaning. Produced in the United States Columbia company 2002 documentary "Kung Fu years" (The Art of Action: Martial Arts in Motion Picture), many martial arts action director in an interview with the English, in "Martial Art Movie" or "KUNG-FU Movie" to call martial arts action film. And so on, "Martial Arts Director" is now the highest frequency of use, but also the most authoritative on "action director" in English translation. The word of "Arts" (Art) and "Director" (director), can better highlight the "martial arts" artistic value and action design as a kind of creation deserve attention, so "Martial Arts Director" is the Chinese movie person accepted. Unfortunately, this aspect of the translation is still just wishful thinking in the Hong Kong film works. Abroad, action design has lost its "special honour director". In the "Charlie's Angels" (Charlie's Angels, 2000), "the matrix" Trilogy (The Matrix), "Spider Man II" (Spider-Man 22004), "X - Ⅱ" (X-Men 22003), "blade III" (Blade:Trinity, 2004) and other Hollywood productions, action director Yuen Wo Ping, big name fame Corey Yuen, Lin Dian and Donnie Yen and others in the Chinese world rarely appeared in films. In Europe and America movie people's eyes, they seem to prefer the action design called "Stunt Coordinator". This translation appeared in Steven Siegel in 2003 work "under siege III: the belly of the beast" (Belly of the Beast) trailer. Action director and film director Tung Ching. Although martial arts is fresh gimmick, but the whole film is a typical Hollywood movie, by the Colombia Pictures Inc invested. "Stunt" has 3 kinds of explanations in the "modern English Chinese Dictionary": "(1) (dangerous) skills and trick; (2) attention to advertising gimmicks; (3) the stunts and acrobatics." "Coordinate" is "harmonious", "Coordinator" should be "coordinator". "Modern Chinese Dictionary" for the word "Coordinator" is not alone explain. Thus, action design and coordination of the new meanings of a stunt. Thus it can be seen: in Hollywood, Wushu actions to the movies more often just a gimmick. However, the stunt, tools or Chinese action director brought to the western world to see action movies to improve. No matter from the business or from an artistic point of view, action director as a cultural "double-edged sword", will be more deep narrow East West cultural action film distance. At present, some foreign language version of the Hong Kong martial arts action, action director literally translated as "Action Director" phenomenon is not rare. This simple and direct translation is broader in scope. Here the "Action" (action) can all roles including screen and its related "unconventional" action, so it can be more space for the development of representative action director art future. 1.2 Chinese world "action director" in the Chinese movie circle, people translate and title of "action director" position is repeated by the twists and turns. So far, it is worth mentioning that translation appeared in Hongkong media works "naked" -- actions designed to be translated into "Action Choreographer". "Choreographer" in "modern Chinese Dictionary" interpretation of "choreography, dance performers". The moves as a dance, the action design of choreography, layout, this is really unprecedented. However, when contact with the plate motion design director Tung Ching style of action, we will find that there is some truth in translation. The so-called "Chi Wu dance into", said is freehand action director on behalf of Tung Ching. The Chinese movie circles job title is more flexible, somewhat common meaning. Martial arts costume, the kung fu movies generally called "martial arts", such as Zhang Che's "one armed swordsman", Stephen Chow's "Kung Fu"; fashion shooting action films are commonly referred to as "actionGuidance ", such as Johnny To's" exile "," Wen Que ";" the action director "is generally used to call the leader the duct in the action is very strong in the film all the action scenes shot, scheduling, splicing. It can be called "action director" character. In fact, this topic will come out of a central question: what is the "martial arts / Martial Arts / action film"? In practice, martial arts films, films, action films has been the lack of distinction and more accurate. The Hongkong researchers have not a strict division is very practical: Generally speaking, the sword is characterized by ancient costume martial arts films, characterized by the fist is a kung fu film, characterized by fashion firearms are action movies. If the "Wu" (form) and the "man" (content) based on the relationship between the "Chivalry" as the division standard, then the action mainly by the action of forms to express a chivalrous themed film, can be regarded as a martial arts film. Similarly, from participation in the action in the film scene creation depth and breadth, martial arts and action guide, action design development to high end is the action director. 1.3 of the academic world "action director" for martial arts action films, martial arts and action is the core. "The action director" of the concept of action director refers to, in the martial arts action movie creation, starting from the script, director, actor, on-site environmental objective conditions, design, martial arts and action training, arrangement and scheduling, filming, editing, art creation. As the "matrix" series and "Spider Man" series of films in the action director Lin Dian said in an interview that Hollywood movies on the movements of the division of labor: the first step is the action design, to every fighting action is designed; the second step is the action guide, is completed, in the action of actor training. The specific actions of the guidance to the actors in the scene; the third step is the action director, according to every action scenes designed to scene, the position of the camera and lights prescribed work. Here, we distinguish between simple what martial arts instruction, action director, action director three: martial arts director general emphasizes the design and practice of the action scenes of martial arts moves, the main content of the design is a professional martial arts fighting strong, such as martial arts costume and the Kung fu. From this point of view, the main work is the martial arts instruction set of methods and rehearsal. Of course, this set of strokes and rehearsal is a close combination of movie plot, characters, photography, editing and writing activities. With respect to the martial arts instruction, extensive action guidance emphasizes the action of the content, it is responsible for the work may include fashion in the film chasing, crash, climbing, jumping, acrobatics, blasting and other non conventional action scenes. Action director is the highest position responsible for the action scenes, is a movie action director. The work includes fashion, the fashion of any action, form design, training, planning, filming, editing, scheduling, it is the highest stage of action design work. From the realistic creation perspective, action director authority scope includes the martial arts and action guide. In a class action movie, action director men generally have more than one of the martial arts (action) guidance, such as "Chibi" action director Corey Yuen here and Guo Jianyong and mulberry two martial arts guide. Martial arts and action of the sports, the implication of the human body beauty, beauty of sports sports belong to the category of aesthetics. However, after the film art design after the action is permeated with the designer's thoughts and feelings. Fighting this art has more than to play and play and play for the good, which contains the designer and creative object exchange, is a kind of "reproduction" essential strength. Action art concept originated in the ancient martial arts martial arts literature description, in the form of source in the opera "singing so" and the modern competitive Wushu routine arrangement, perfect between the martial arts movie martial arts master and director, actor, photography, and along with the development of film technology maturity and multiple. Therefore, from a functional perspective, action design in the movie expression system in the shoulders entertainment aesthetic, character, narrative, transfer and expression of emotion and other functions. Attribute of Chinese martial arts action action scenes, after nearly 90 years development and evolution, the action scenes are varied, which is the result of continuous innovation action design. So, whether the action scenes have some common attributes? The independence of the 1 aesthetic. Action to display on the screen, from the action movie ontology, has a strong ornamental and entertainment, action between the audience and the screen to establish a pure sensory relationship. As Chaplin's silent film, through its funny body language, the audience can understand the plot and characters. The martial arts moves the action of light and shadow, sound and picture combination, also has the independent aesthetic. It is because of this attribute, action to become the international language of film. Dual 2 martial arts. The film is a combination of false and reality, which determines the martial arts film in the martial arts action also is false and realistic duality. The false, martial arts films in action is the basic pre set of strokes, rehearsal of reproduction, is a simulation of the performance, the so-called no set of strokes, not design true fights is a kind of creative ideas; the verisimilitude, martial arts film action fighting are the authenticity of the pursuit, attempts through the processing of art and technology, to achieve a real sense of art. Therefore, action director must balance the relationship between true and false, in order to action logic, action reasonably "story mosaic" in the characters and plot, as much as possible so that all martial arts films takes place granted and brilliant. 3 martial arts drama. In practice, the action scenes are collectively referred to as the "play" or "play". The conflict is the fundamental mainstream movie dramatic narrative, so the key to the play is "drama". As senior action director Dong Wei said: "the 'play' is an inevitable element, 'why' is the dramatic tension." The only relative to the text, plays more emphasis on the form of expression between action and characters of the adversarial relationship. Fundamentally speaking, the creation principle of design is the dramatic action, which is the core of evaluation director operatic level. 4 forms of variability. The action scenes exist widelyIn various types of movies, especially in the martial arts action, it is an iconic scene. "Chinese martial arts film history" a book will be the traditional martial arts action scene is divided into "intestinal war, war, bamboo walls, Ling Bo micro, sword fight, inn of war, war, lion dance challenge, heroes take righteousness, -" the 10 common types. In fact, from the perspective of development, different social background and the artistic direction and different theme type and character context will derive numerous action scenes, action patterns of variability and all artistic creation activity, has the infinite development space. And an important symbol of innovation action itself is of a good action. The morphology of martial arts action movie 1.4 action scenes involving in all martial arts, fighting, chasing, jumping, blasting scene belong to the action scenes. According to different standards, there are countless action pattern classification. For example: according to the movement style, there are unarmed, Bingxie, blasting, chasing, Zhenfa, lion dance; according to the action space, there is the mountain, forest, beach, underwater caves, temples, and hotel etc.. Here, there is a problem: in general, the daily life of action shows the actors in the interpretation of the role, such as washing, cooking, sewing, can work category can not be classified as action director? This also is we will martial arts moves of the action is defined as a kind of "unconventional" action of reason. Facts have proved that these actions once in a particular martial arts narrative context, often become the action director and martial arts play a character to place. In the martial arts films, the existence of character action martial arts, or live action of Kung Fu. The former Tung Ching and Tsui Hark filming "East" series in the show: Brigitte Lin played the "martial arts" waved off stone "," a fly needle "and" laughing kill "realm, this series of waving, sewing, angry daily movements become a display of martial arts highlight role. The role of common daily action Kung Fu in the kung fu movies of Chia-Liang Liu. "Shaolin thirty-six room", wash dishes is the means; for "Shaolin master", the director completely Kungfu structure of daily work of movie, Gordon Liu in the film as Shaolin Temple rides a day out, after a considerable period of time, but the art consciousness out of clavicle. Chia-Liang Liu with "time" and "labor" through the "gap between the Kung Fu" and "life". Similarly, in Yuen Wo Ping's "fearless", Ha Ling Chun daily washing and rubbing cloth, have developed "stained clothing the" outstanding service. All this is to let the audience look "reasonable" and "flavor", mainly due to the specific provisions of the film to create situations, as well as to the China traditional culture "Tao follows nature" internal identity. The third chapter action director history 3.1 Martial Arts himself: "magic" (Twentieth Century 20 - twentieth Century in the early 40's at the end of 1919, the Commercial Press) mobile Department produced a 6000 foot (film) the story "the thief", by Ren Peng years director, at the time known as the "Genie and martial arts" film. In 1926, the younger brother of martial arts star Zhang Huichong Zhang Huimin founded a theatre company, shot "by", this is the first Chinese movie history known as the "martial arts movie film. In 1928, star film company by Zheng Zhengqiu according to the time of martial arts masters Pingjiang not Xiao Sheng's novel "the vagabond" adaptation directed "the burning of the Red Lotus Temple", this is the most standard martial arts film in Chinese film history. Subsequently, "burning of the Red Lotus Temple" series, "BANDIDOS" series, "Kanto heroes" series, "hero" series, "fairy Jingzhong biography", "midnight fly head" and "red man", will be the first climax of Chinese martial arts film lasted four years. Generally speaking, before and after the twentieth Century 30's China (Shanghai) martial arts movies martial arts forms can be divided into two categories. One is the direct use of drama, opera performer is the dragon and tiger masters. Mr. Jin Yong had used the pseudonym "Lin Huan" published the article "see" the vagabond "random" said that "many martial arts films are melted into a large stage image, theatrical costumes, stage movement, dance of the fighting, hand is very false, on the other hand but no stage beauty". The two is directly copied Sword Fairy Stories descriptions of the martial arts, and the genie "at that time the rise of confluence, and the influence of Western swordsman movie, integrated to create a" fantasy martial arts". At the time of signature moves "literally fly" and "geshandaniu exercise to benefit the internal organs", "fight the magic weapon", "flying sword", during the action scenes often show some strange weapons, spells, organs, and create a magical atmosphere. Shooting techniques from the perspective of action, there was a ghost, it beat trick photography, 1929's "the white rose" also appeared in the "rope swing" such stunts. It is worth mentioning that, in 1929 the company produced, Lily Yang Xiaozhong wants "Pan Lu San Niang" was in the film "clouds" and "stealth magic" and "palm mine work" action scenes, production technology were explained, the popularity of the production method of the martial arts action scenes. Therefore, the initial stage of martial arts movies, the dominant action is characterized by the "magic", the source of movement forms is rough illustrations of the Sword Fairy stories. Mr Shi Qi explained: "the Chinese movie in action on the primitive, natural many reasons. Production, skills, ideas and actor and so on, have a problem. However, it is particularly worth mentioning is the factor of Ideology -- people of traditional martial arts from the fundamental lack of confidence. The Chinese film industry development in the transition period, China is the most serious domestic trouble and foreign invasion in the western modern times, force and culture shock, collapse of traditional system, both practical and the big people (especially intellectuals) doubt, the full sense of inferiority. In the reality of the situation than the situation, no wonder many martial arts films to the surreal art digest to satisfy the audience, it is no wonder that the film not with real martial arts combined, a new dynamic art." This passage points out the Chinese martial arts film in the early stage of the social background and cultural psychology. For the development of action director, had a memorable thing: in 1927, the Union's film "Red Butterfly" (directed by Qian Xuefan, Xu Qinfang, CuiIf all star) and "Shandong bandits" (Qian Xuefan, director Ye Renfu, Zheng Chaofan, Xu Qinfang, Ye Renfu, sleep not in) the first appointed Ren Yutian martial arts director. 3.2 classical martial arts: Martial Education (Twentieth Century 50 - twentieth Century in the early 60's at the end of twentieth Century 50 to twentieth Century) in the early 60's at the end of the war, under the influence of the swordsmen film position from Shanghai moved to the south of Hongkong, to the director Hu Peng, starring Guan Dexing "Huang Feihong" series is the mainstream, in martial arts pay attention to real kung fu. In order to Nanquan. The 50 years of the twentieth Century, Hong Kong and Taiwan martial arts film has established two kinds of kung fu movie type: a kung fu movie reflect the Huang Feihong story, is representative of the "Huang Feihong" series; one is a fantasy martial arts films, is representative of "Buddha's palm" etc.. From the analysis of the movement pattern, fantasy martial arts film no fundamental breakthrough. At the same time, the film emphasizes the education function of martial arts, to convey the Confucianism with martial arts, Hongkong martial arts film continuation of China's traditional culture, but also an early in the history of martial arts movies - Wu model. After 1949, Kung Fu in Hongkong due to the rise of household legendary Guangdong martial arts figures Huang Feihong. Huang Feihong's time is not long, his disciples and the disciples there. Chia-Liang Liu's father Liu Zhan is Huang Feihong disciple Lin Shirong. Therefore, Huang Feihong's film the martial arts must change the past "supernatural" style, get rid of the stage of routine staging, replaced by "hardcore horse, real realistic style, and strive to use traditional Nanquan bridge hand waist horse, infinite close combat form. The biggest breakthrough in the "Huang Feihong" film movement style is to abandon the past, metaphysics, emphasizing authentic South of the Five Ridges martial arts stance and moves on to pursue action and technology reality, first on the screen the routine performances and martial arts fighting to distinguish. "Huang Feihong" series of the first set of martial arts director, headed by Liang Yongheng, and later Liu Zhan and Guan Dexing, Shi Jian, Yuan Xiaotian et al. A part-time job. At this time the first martial arts director Ren Yutian in the history of Chinese cinema in Hongkong, his daughter Ren Yan is "one of the heroine Huang Feihong" movie. All this indicates that the form and action of Chinese Wushu on screen, fundamental changes will occur. According to Mr. Yu Muyun, Huang Feihong movie saved form many Guangdong martial arts school. For example: in boxing, "snake", "hook hand", "ten of one hand" and "black tiger claw" and "tiger feet", "feet", "iron fist", "tiger and crane boxing" and "praying mantis" etc.. In the weapon, "the knife", "Roll Hall knife" and "blade", "gun" and "five Lang gossip stick" and "the stick", "five line stick", "six thirty club", "five little plum stick", "Flying Tiger penis" etc.. Other weapon and the big knife, Changying gun, Shanxi grilled, metal chain, hook etc.. In kumite, "tiger claw on the crane claw", "stick to stick", "stick pole", "stick to the gun", "single sweep", "shield pole". In particular, it is worth pointing out that the martial arts masters Chen Hanzong show "the tiger and crane fist", Mrs. Huang Feihong Mo Guilan performing "the knife", Liang Yongheng performing "gun", Ceng Zhenhua show "the praying mantis" etc.. "Huang Feihong" series of films created a new era of Chinese martial arts film "martial arts", change the screen martial arts forms, opened the real play real precedent, and cultivating a new generation of audience, to carry forward the Chinese Martial Arts Wushu culture, establish confidence and value, significance. In addition, from the personnel training, "Huang Feihong" series of training a large number of martial arts talents, the future Hongkong kung fu movie backbone of "the class", "Yuan Jia class", Tang Jia, Chen Shaopeng and Han Yingjie are from the "Huang Feihong" set out. Of course, now, the film in the combination of martial arts and film technology is not mature. Mr Shi Qi said: "(Twentieth Century) 50 years' once upon a time in China 'is beginning to take shape, it was dull, making simple, story hasty and so on, had been criticized, the film technology level in Cantonese film is more primitive. The fighting scenes are mostly rely on actors, only records, sometimes also recorded unclear but an actor by backward set constraints, are often not the best. We might say that this set of figures has dynamic, but the film itself is still poor dynamic." The same period, from the martial arts perspective, it is worth mentioning that Beijing class origin Han Yingjie. In the "Shen Changfu circus" trapeze artists, he returned to Hongkong to participate in the "Huang Feihong" movies. In his first term martial arts film "the swallow", he will play the bed technology circus "trapeze" into a movie, to strengthen the movement beauty through the trampoline Trampoline, and become an important tool in Hongkong martial arts guide. 3.3 classic Kung Fu: the subject of ridicule (Twentieth Century - twentieth Century at the end of the 60's early 80's) in twentieth Century to twentieth Century at the end of the 60's early 80's is changeable, heroes come forth in large numbers of the period, but also the development of Chinese martial arts action movie golden age. Let a hundred flowers blossom in this phase of the action form, established the basic direction of future Chinese martial arts movie action types. Representative figures are Zhang Che, Hu Jinquan, Chu Yuan, Bruce Lee, Chia-Liang Liu, Yuen Wo Ping, Sammo Hung, Jackie Chan, Siu Ming Tsui, Zhang Xinyan, Zhang Cengze, Zhang Huaxun, Yu Chenghui etc.. Martial arts films in this period to expand efforts as main movement pattern, the importance of martial arts action in a film of the peak, and the quality and quantity is also the rapid development. Specific performance: 1 international martial arts superstar Bruce Lee; 2 martial arts guide direct promotion for the film, such as Chia-Liang Liu, Sammo Hung, Yuen Wo Ping etc; 3 north and South Shaolin movie series and its tremendous radiation effect; 4 with promotion for the movie martial arts culture, gradually become a martial arts film authentic genres, such as the Chia-Liang Liu film; 5 action and ridicule combined action meaning generalization; 6 mainland Chinese Wushu into the martial arts film, create a new action of the wind screen. Zhang Che Hu Jinquan classic Kung Fu period martial arts film change in action on twentieth Century, starting from the late 60's Zhang Che, Hu Quan Jin pioneered the "new Wuxia century". Especially the "one armed swordsman" and "Longmen inn".In the past, a martial arts film chivalrous spirit heavy topic limitation, showing a "chivalrous gradually thin, martial arts surge" momentum, make into a "dead end" of traditional martial arts film appears new chance. From the action scenes creation, this period Kung Fu martial arts characters from the traditional Confucian man into new hero, Huang Feihong old, well behaved gentleman images because they do not meet the young audience's aesthetic habits and quit the stage of history, instead of the gas side just, pleased enqiu boy ranger. In the movie little inherited the traditional Knight bear character, but the biggest difference is that in no time will seriously, trigger happy superpowerdom, throwing a cavity blood, only die dynamic. In the guidance of this creative idea, the film naturally have added to martial arts fighting preference, "Violence Aesthetics" gradually take root. Specific performance are: 1 to violent fight strong, direct, rendering scenes of martial arts style, change the "Huang Feihong" series of "Wu education" tradition, the action as the biggest selling point of Kung Fu, adhere to the "Wu" theory "". Zhang Che's "one armed swordsman" is a "were killed - Practice - revenge story, every link has the very strong action. 2 of the film language and martial arts action together from the picture and work together to create "martial arts movement", open up new space for the martial arts guide. For example: this first hand photography and slow shooting action scenes, so that the "death of a hero" means; Hu Quan Jin to pumping motion or rainstorm clips to create a classic scene such as "bamboo war". 3 design of martial arts action within the plot, to change the traditional martial arts complex story, simplified characters, expand. For example: Hu Jinquan's "big man" Cheng Peipei Inn bucket group of the enemy a martial arts hierarchy, layer by layer, offensive and defensive rhythm is concise and lively; Chang Cheh "one armed swordsman" in Chia-Liang Liu, Tang Jia designed to break one armed swordsman Jin Daosuo, establish logical relationship between local weapon on the screen. 4 action and character combination, shaping the characters in martial arts action, reveal character. For example: Chang Cheh "one armed swordsman" of weapons in the Dao and Jimmy Wang physical and mental disability coincide; Hu Jinquan's "a touch of Zen" end of Qiao Hong "Ling Bo." the outstanding service and to simple high internal morphology, and he plays the monk image complement each other, expressing the lens of mountains and rivers into the fight is with the film Zen Theme pavilions. 5 styles of movement in general has both masculine and feminine. Masculine sent to Chang Cheh as representative, the film "battle" and "intestinal war", "Five" and other classic scenes full of masculine, cruel, violent conduct, such as "revenge" battle, "Violence Aesthetics" iconic scene; style represented by Hu Jinquan, the film "Ling Bo.", "arc action and straight sprint", "endless running" and other classic action is designed to show the characters beautiful moment modeling, the aesthetic feeling of rhythm and action scenes, artistic conception. Bruce Lee's "my way or the highway" Kung Fu, known to the world in twentieth Century 70's.. Four and a half Kung Fu Bruce Lee let Chinese Kung Fu mingyangtianxia. But first do Kung Fu official overseas commercial release was 1971 Shaw produced, director Zheng Changhe, starring lo Lieh "the fist", the film in the United States 1000 mainstream cinema released at the same time, a grand occasion. It now appears that Bruce Lee appeared to be beyond the film era, the basic idea of Jeet kune do is to emancipate the mind, his overseas experience and education background contributed to his innovation in Hongkong martial arts films. A "Tangshan big brother", the Hongkong was a popular costume sword into fashion. Bruce Lee's martial arts and western, Chinese Wing Chun skills, also joined the Western boxing boxing, footwork and Japanese karate and Taekwondo kick etc.. He created Jeet kune do is a self-centered combat system. Jeet kune do theory with obvious existentialism, the pursuit of "self awareness" and "self liberation". In this concept under the guidance of one of the martial arts is to "self liberation road. So, when Bruce Lee used the film conveys the spirit, we see a completely individualistic style of martial arts. The 1 fist fight egotism. In his movie, action has a thriving situation, many supporting and anti one action, or very soft very ugly, or slow and stay, but Bruce Lee's fist is fast and beautiful. Perhaps to the new deduction of Jeet kune do stand out in the film completely present Bruce Lee's martial arts "". For example: "Tangshan big brother" in the battle, Han Yingjie hand to hand fighting is still the traditional Shao's "cat" and jumping, and Bruce Lee quick, ruthless kickboxing is obviously not in an age; "fist of Fury", "enter the dragon" in Bruce Lee to a hundred enemy martial field. His naked torso, look high, around the show completely reduced to a "sandbag". 2 the use of weapons without me. Two sticks, a club, the Hongkong martial arts films previously rare weapons, from Bruce Lee's "fist of Fury" started sweeping the world. In addition to the "Tangshan big brother", his every film almost all of these weapons and tactics used to display, such as "" fist of Fury "in Japan Pavilion" to a hundred enemy "stick flower," by the method of dragon "in the backyard of demo nunchaku sticks the and chains," use by "fighting competition in hell. These weapons as rare, so a new screen effect. "Game of death", by Bruce Lee can use the whip to defeat the opponent, can also use the nunchaku nunchaku our defeat Philippines. 3 performance style maverick. At the time of the Hongkong martial arts films performance style face serious tendency. Jimmy Wang once the war, must face is serious, a Kudachoushen ghost image. Bruce Lee, Chinese and western personality and his free spirited performance agreed: make a fist with nose and, when fighting croak and bouncing, picked up the leg of the details, humorous and honest smile, eyes drooping serious, write up the corners of the mouth is dismissed, after injury to lick the blood, the bucket in the relaxed nature, this everything in Hongkong martial arts films at the time of performing tradition, have a meaning. So, as the film scholar Tony Ryan said, both Rowe's "Tangshan big brother" or "fist of Fury", only Bruce Lee is the only author". The 4 film language self center. At the time of filming in Hongkong martial arts action scenes technique is more modular, portable photography and the slow motion of Chang Cheh create fashion, Hu Jinquan storm clip is not universal. Therefore, in some of Bruce Lee's film, photography and editing is not much help to the action itself has, instead of just doing a long shot "record", the center of the lens is naturally Bruce Lee. In the "dragon" Rome arena in the battle, there are many he facing the camera, punch, kick action, the camera scheduling the fight has always been to pace body Bruce Lee shift as the center, even halfway out of the jump transitions in slow motion to follow his dodge; in "enter the dragon", underground warehouse alarm rang, Bruce Lee was caught off the coat from the start, a long lens and high-speed photography, the body changes him down from the lens of the enemy parties show clear enemy or to cover the face, hair, or back to the camera, and Bruce Lee's face close range is the camera picture and fall amplitude. Therefore, Bruce Lee's several movies not only further establish and perfect the structure to expand efforts as the core of the kung fu movie, but also created the action martial arts actor oriented star times. Chia-Liang Liu's "Kung Fu authentic" Chia-Liang Liu is Huang Feihong authentic transmission, Hongkong is the first to show that people from film. Bruce Lee died in 1973, second years he and Chang Cheh cooperation "Fang Shiyu and hongxiguan", open the "authentic martial arts" route, following Bruce Lee's Kung Fu. His kung fu forever in the legends and forms of South of the Five Ridges Wushu history. In 1978, he directed "Shaolin thirty-six real" due to the addition of a lot of descriptions of the Shaolin monks practice scenes in the film and a great success. The film ranked ten big blockbuster films in Hongkong five, the same year the Asian Film Festival best action award, the Chia-Liang Liu younger brother Yi Gordon Liu as Hongkong Shaolin monk for screen. Led by Chia-Liang Liu, Liu class action style are as follows: 1 the action itself. Hardcore horse, bridge to bridge to, just fierce effort is Nanquan, Chia-Liang Liu is also the movement style. Fight one's debut, with the mindset and well founded martial arts background, confirms him with writing the film Nanquan historical myth. In his movies, Kung Fu is also the theme of Expo. 2 action role. Yi Di Gordon Liu plays the monk is a common protagonist Chia-Liang Liu Kung Fu movies. In the context of Shaolin monks, the moral significance of fighting behavior often have good and evil, justice. Therefore, in the "no kill" rules, "the unique charm of Shaolin Kung Fu" can show Chinese Kung fu. In Chia-Liang Liu's later works "five Lang gossip stick", Yang Wulang stick law since the wolf, but for the addition of PA, killing five Lang ordained; "thirty-six room" in the thirty-sixth housing is also the monk. 3 fight scenes. The martial arts into the life is a prominent feature of Liu's martial arts. Therefore, fighting and the movie are concentrated in the daily life space, and expression of specific powers in different environment quality. "Shaolin thirty-six room" in room thirty-fifth is full of strange props, respectively, the monk training hand eye, first of all parts; "what" is rotten head of various space props background skills are explored. 4 action connotation. Kung Fu life, martial arts and plot fusion, this action is the narrative plot. Kung Fu became the main form of character between the conflict and communication. For example, "between the hongxiguan" in the bridal chamber dialogue and Hong Son exchanges, to discuss and exchange as a means of Kung fu. The 5 photo editing. Liu's action has rich connotation, features the largest photo editing is clearly and accurately show the details of movements, traversing the camera follows the demolition style transformation, the key moves close range and slow motion performance of attack and defense conversion, shove yank type lens can strengthen the fighting, but also action transitions of the clip. In the movie "Lu Acai and Huang Feihong" Li Chen Kuan Tai taught Gordon Liu to play the mook jong a scene, in order to highlight the mook jong rotation technology essentials hidden, clip the jump shaft, Gordon Liu left to right, magical power stakes immediately enhance. Yuen Wo Ping's "Kung Fu Comedy" as early as in 1973, Bruce Lee died that year -- to the public comedy featuring "seventy-two tenants" occupy the first Hongkong movie box office, followed by Michael Hui, the Sam Hui brothers comedy began to lead the Hongkong film market. The first half of 1978, have been done for years martial arts director Yuen Wo Ping directed "snake" released in Hongkong, the film with Jackie Chan as the protagonist, plot is old-fashioned, but added a lot of comedy elements in action, create a new type of Kung Fu, Kung Fu Comedy. The second half of the year released "Drunken Master" is a type of classic, Peking opera was born Jackie Chan in the film will be a combination of action and naughty cute characters, fame. It is worth emphasizing that the same period of the "seven small blessing" big brother Sammo Hung is also a Kung Fu Comedy as an important pioneer, his "the monk pounding rice six", "Mr. praise and change China" is this period Kung Fu Comedy masterpiece. Kung Fu Action innovation lies in: 1 action comedy. Acrobatic strong fist, ingenious props use, laughing terrain juggling action and personal risk fitness myth. There are a variety of drunken boxing routines, South to the "Drunken Master" famous, the North sent by the "Wu Song drunk, drunk Yan Qing" and "Lu Zhishen drunk fight gate" routine. "Drunken Master" to simulate the Taoist Baxian deified shaped posture and Wu Yi as the characteristics of specific action to action characteristics of these characters' names, such as Jackie Chan in the film the sign action "He Xiangu elastic waist swinging punch drunk wine". 2 action role. Describe naughty stupid kid image, such as the subversion of the traditional, no longer face serious Huang Feihong; ugly lovely master image, such as "Drunken Master" in wine delicious Yuan Xiaotian. 3 fight scenes. The real shooting, large space fight Jackie Chan and Huang Zhengli as "Drunken Master" trailer in battle and in the field, changed the former studio shot stiff and artificial. 4 action connotation. The Kung Fu elaborate plot, such as "snake" protagonist "cat snake fight" were created "the snake"; action combined with personality, such as "Drunken Master" trailer "Drunken Master" strange duel role and playful personality. 5Photo editing. The trick with the lens of the cut, such as "Drunken Master" duel Jackie Chan beat Huang Zhengli, in his "pinch walnut", "how to eat watermelon explosion" acrobatics scene. Chu Yuan's "strange feeling weird" as the researchers said: "Chu Yuan Gulong -" "the iron triangle has over the years as a martial arts film created a sub type (sub-genre), with different from other martial arts world to attract viewers, the box office is not falling. In the closed world of their, has its own traditional convention. These include the logic of strange and self indulgence and way of speaking, Arabian Night scene, be mysterious plot, from conventional sexual relationship, to the fame and fortune for criticism and a staggered and play." The Chu Yuan movement style has the following characteristics: 1 the action itself. Chu Yuan once said: "the Shao work 15 years, martial arts films produced by technical constraints, two wire four elastic bed, can be shot". Visible, his action scenes contain a large number of jumps, tumbling, the pursuit of beautiful and elegant dance "Wu", with the sword fighting, action design from the literary description of action elegant chic, is a typical "man" on "Wu", "love" on "wu". For example: Li flying "were not false" is not the true limit, but the pursuit of pure and fresh spirit sword. 2 action role. Gallant, spoony woman, conspirators, righteousness servant, assassin, assassin, together constitute the Chu Yuan in the world of martial arts action figure. These figures, a clear division of labor, the martial arts is closely connected with the fate of loyalty righteousness servant often Lutheran sacrifice, instant success in life value, such as "meteor, butterfly sword", in Sun Yubo's life is not guaranteed, but the movie mission: "the people of ancient swords, seems to be for the power struggle." The tavern owner, servants, touts, petty thieves, assassins often played a brief but brilliant, these action figures seem to life just waiting for a shot of the moment, so that their "death". 3 fight scenes. Chu Yuan is good at shooting fighting in the studio, martial arts originally violence set in full of neon lights, smoke, veil veil, the gurgling water in to be romantic. Int he often used for cold fragrance villas, Dragon Temple, Feng Lin gudu, peacock hall, these scenes did not have a clear spatial direction, decorative strong, strong national flavor. 4 action connotation. Human nature and human is the focus of Chu Yuan the film, but also the core meaning of his action, the characters in the film one by one, into a retreat obey in the role of emotion. He thinks he has created a "dramatic martial arts film". In the action scenes, he insisted to fight characters, plot design. "Li flying" physical deformity, alcoholism, personality, loneliness, the hands of the merciless knife only to "cut off all the troubles, so meaning knife in the fight for the sublimation of" things "to separate. The 5 photo editing. In a closed environment, Chu Yuan at longitudinal space development studio, the lens between the clip and intersect, avoid repeated scenes similar sense. He took the action sequences with panoramic views, background for the beautiful scenery or flowers with the same jungle, jumping and aggressive to cover action, panorama, the slow mirror the degree of relaxation, moving camera coupled with smooth, so that the action is concise and lively, elegant. Jet Li's "North style Changquan" in 1981 by the director Zhang Xinyan, shot on location in the mainland of China "Shaolin Temple", is a milestone in the history of martial arts movies. Zhang Xinyan enable all professional Wushu athlete role and martial arts design, abandon the swordsmen film commonly used steel wire, spring bed props, and fast splicing technology, extensive use of long shots, the actors all Kung Fu battle. After the release of the film, the double bumper harvest of word-of-mouth box office, caused the martial arts hot China a generation of young people. "Shaolin Temple" the protagonist is current world Kung Fu superstar Jet Li. The martial arts innovation includes the following aspects: 1 the action itself. Nagahashi Oma, close to the North Wugong, high difficulty and equipment many novel beautiful work, such as spin 360 degrees, cyclone foot connecting splits, drunk stick, two handed swords, meteor dart, the cat; in kumite, outstanding choreography integrity and continuity, often continuous strokes more than 20 strokes, and with a long shot down. 2 action role. Characterization of playful Shaolin monks, solemn amiable martial arts master, valiant shepherdess, evil forces powerful villain...... In a word, "Shaolin Temple" in the setting and shaping characters of martial arts, both structured and the loyal and lively and fresh flavor of the times, the level of audience. 3 fight scenes. The real, supplemented by. China is one of the highlights of the beautiful mountains and rivers, Shaolin Temple has since become a tourist destination. In the road is long (Jet Li decoration) the practice of conversion, is the traditional scenery. 4 action connotation. Pictographic boxing combination of character, and this is the traditional Chinese martial arts features. For example: good at Eagle vultures character insidious, alcohol all day monk at drunk stick, master Yu Hai tricky rapid mantis and he is lean Hale master image complement each other. The 5 photo editing. Full service in the martial arts show, with long lens, do the slow motion of high difficulty and key performance. For example, the end of the road is long war battle, Wang Renze (Yu Chenghui decoration), road is long punt kick into the King River, on the use of slow motion plus three times repeated, emphasizing the importance of the efforts and actions. 3.4 fashion action: fist, bullets, wire (Twentieth Century - twentieth Century at the beginning of the 80's 90's at the end of twentieth Century to twentieth Century) at the beginning of the 80's at the end of the 90's, the Chinese martial arts action movie fist, gun battles, the sword, acrobatics and stunts action forms were received considerable development. This is a crowded era, which also experienced the peak period martial arts film. This stage, each school movement style of continuous improvement, set up a relatively fixed action team. Hongkong Film Awards was first established "best action guide" award in 1982, this is the action of a director to film art mainstream symbolic event. Representative figures are Chia-Liang Liu led Liu Jiaban, Yuen Wo Ping led Yuan Jiaban, Hong group, led by Sammo Hung Jackie Chan's stunt team, led by Luo Lixian "the Raptors.Technical team ", and Tung Ching, Siu Ming Tsui, Won Bin, Corey Yuen, Dong Wei, Jiang Daohai, Xiong Xinxin, and Chinese martial arts professionals. From the Hongkong Film Awards in 1982 for the first time to set up a "best action guide" in twentieth Century to 90 by the end of the 1990s, more than 10 years, the fierce competition of this award is a mirror of martial arts action movie movement pattern innovation and development. "Dare to think" Jackie Chan winning number theory, Jackie Chan and his stunt team is undoubtedly the biggest winner. As of 2008, a total of 9 times won the Hongkong Film Award for "best action guide". He spoke at a time when the prize will be referred to a word: "thank Hongkong special artificial, thanks to a class!" From the difficulty of movement, Jackie Chan and his team to "dare to think" all spirit, completed many only stay in the other action guiding concept of action. Overall, Jackie Chan action movie style has gone through "Kung Fu Comedy" to "action adventure" two stages. Jackie Chan in a "Kung Fu Comedy" before had been a star in the kung fu movies, such as "new fist of Fury", "longtenghuyue" etc.. Rowe director at that time wanted to hold Jackie Chan for "the second Bruce Lee". Although Jackie Chan was very hard, but the action no feature, underwhelming. Later, he starred in Yuen Wo Ping's "Drunken Master" and became famous, but the action is not with the martial art of Kung Fu, but a "ridicule" vaudeville style Kung fu. As Jackie Chan later said: "Bruce Lee angrily punches, I would smile and punches; Bruce Lee knock the enemy, I punched my pain." "Drunken Master" Jackie Chan a dialogue and prove he innovation of this period: "the 马各扎 determined the division of the law, and a master of different ways." Therefore, the real achievement "Kung Fu Comedy Film" is "Drunken Master" and Jackie Chan's "the young master" of independent director. In twentieth Century 80 in the early 1980s, Jackie Chan from the United States Hollywood shayuergui, then made a "Dragon Master", with significant breakthrough in action. In snatches the grand scene hill package, designed like American football is as fierce as interesting, kicking shuttlecock performances and modern football is very similar, head, chest, turned and shot, hanging hooks of gold and other football ace everything; on the contrary, the kung fu film in the common practice and revenge plot. In a fight, did not elaborate in the routine, is full of many straightforward street fights. The piece tail and Huang Renzhi played the villain in the MI Cang duel is entirely her victory. In the film, Jackie Chan's friend asked him: "you why is hit and not the same as usual?" Jackie Chan replied: "the usual practice and real fighting." In view of this, Jackie Chan is a conscious pursuit of breakthrough. The film "Dragon Master" become from his "Kung Fu Comedy" to "action adventure" transitional works. From the beginning of 1982 "A plan", Jackie Chan changed the usual in Kung Fu Comedy has always presents the naughty boy image, acting with integrity, optimistic, mature modern police upward, the story background replacement for the modern urban. Hongkong society of civil atmosphere and fast-paced life, and Jackie Chan himself simple active temperament complement each other. From the "A plan" to hit the United States, "rush hour", dozens of movie, Jackie Chan's character is largely Hongkong police, his action style has become synonymous with "hard, dedicated". The film "A plan" is Jackie Chan adhere to the "breathtaking, hard" action style works first, have a lot of action scenes, such as: Jackie Chan played in acrobatic bicycle skills is stunning, alley in riding a bicycle with a band of robbers with comparable to Chaplin the silent comedy; and the climax of the film. He is from the three floor jumped down, worn out three heavy curtain, head first on the ground, this long lens is a sign of Jackie Chan action movie "breathtaking, desperately" style of the scene. "Police Story", Jackie Chan and more than a dozen thugs in shopping malls fight, broken glass and numerous commercial, the intense degree as Jackie Chan later said: "glass, glass, glass, glass!" And Jackie Chan is from shopping malls hall lamppost jump drop out of tens of meters to the long shot, "continued adventure, hard" style of action in the police in the series. Of course, from the "Kung Fu Comedy" to "action adventure", single choice is not very clear, but the two gradually fusion, which constitutes the basic label Jackie Chan action style: hot, exciting and funny. For example: in 1987 he directed and starred in "plan A" action still sequel, thrills, and humorous story is also not uncommon among them, Jackie Chan, Wang Wei, Ray Lui, and Tung Piu heist hide and seek "a field in the Maggie Cheung boudoir", "breathtaking action" of the "representative paragraphs comedy humor" the. "Equalitarianism" Sammo Hung "seven small blessing" eldest brother Sammo Hung and Ha Ling Chun and opera wusheng origin Lam Ching Ying, Chen 会毅 et al., Hong Jia class composed of eminent, head the two best action director award all fall into the sack. Sammo Hung won the first session of Hongkong Film Award for best action direction award movie "Prodigal Son", although the story is simple, but the Wing Chun explanation and performance is very professional. Lam Ching Ying professor Xiang Yuanbiao "the bridge piece in hand" paragraph, let many of the audience to see the traditional martial arts secrets. Sammo Hung told the author said in an interview: "a lot of people watching the" Prodigal Son ", Sammo Hung is not in the film, is fighting in the teaching." ① the films in the kung fu movies "textbooks" meaning. In fact, "Prodigal Son" received first award for best action guide award, but at the time of the film flow, Kung Fu in the late Qing Dynasty has become obsolete, long time dismantling the young audience impatient martial art, but more like modern fight simple and direct. Thus, Sammo Hung's "winners and five lucky star" will be funny and fashion the traditional free fight together, get great welcome the audience. The film Jackie Chan skating car chase scene, seen by many people as he later embarked on "action adventure" line starting point. Now it seems that "lucky star" series is a class action style. "Lucky star" in the summer, Sammo Hung a pair of tennis rackets against Kurada Hosho's Ninja three spines, is an excellent application of life props Kung Fu; "rich train", many international stars (Kurada Hosho, Yukari Oshima, Richard, Luo flo.In zeroth Century 90 in the early 1980s, Siu Ming Tsui transferred to the behind the scenes, became responsible for some of the Hongkong film in China photography plan and management work, "Damour '", "ashes of time", "the Song Dynasty" because of his coordination can be successfully completing the film. Not only in Hongkong, even the United States Warner and Roche international entertainment company limited to jointly film "five warriors", also want to find Siu Ming Tsui in charge of all the martial arts film design. In addition, Siu Ming Tsui also for the movie "May August", "Gu Zhai panic" offers original story, the former is the United States Goldie Awards rated as excellent film, won the gold medal, which won the Hongkong Film Critics Society issued by the tenth session of the Hongkong Film Critics Association Awards, is the nine recommended the film one of the 2003 year. The 2008 Olympic Games in China, Siu Ming Tsui has 20 years of brewing martial arts masterpiece "champion". This is Siu Ming Tsui 18 years later again when the director, he hopes to be the martial spirit in the movie, the circle a dream for many years. "Champion" in 1936, Chinese Wushu athletes to participate in the Berlin Olympic Games as the prototype, the Chinese Wushu and the simple loyalty authentic patriotism integration. The first use of 15 National Wushu Championship, film seriously and well grounded action and character, theme and clever union, not only with strong martial arts teaching of color, and filled with a deep sense of nation. Siu Ming Tsui in the interview expressed "champion" meaning: "the martial arts movie now less and less, the martial arts as the core to the development of the plot of the film, less and less. So I think that should be shown in the film lost in some Chinese martial arts skills, artistic beauty and connotation reasonably. Of course, in this movie, action and Kung Fu are just decorations, the most important thing is that the audience see action behind the Chinese spirit." "A jar of wine" Chia-Liang Liu Liu Jiaban was the most influential action team in twentieth Century 70, Chen Quan, Huang Jing Yang, Yu Yuanwen and several other disciples of Liu Zhan although contemporary with Chia-Liang Liu, but Chia-Liang Liu's work in the. Later Gordon Liu, Feng Kean, Jing column, Xiao Hou, Xiong Xinxin, Eric Tsang and Yang Jingjing are from Liu Jiaban. Best actress, the first session of Hongkong Film Awards was followed Chia-Liang Liu filming "elders" of Kara Hui. Some people say, Hongkong action team, winning the least and most really thought the most pure, non Liu class. As the first from the martial arts guide ascent as director, Chia-Liang Liu's martial arts action movie filming 400 department, only the "Drunken Master 2" won a best action director award (or share and JC group). This does not mean that the class people, can only be said to be a not regret. Before setting up the best action director award at the Hongkong Film Awards, Chia-Liang Liu has now still internationally renowned martial arts masterpiece. For example: "Shaolin Trilogy" of "Shaolin thirty-six real" comprehensive display of various exercises and practice Shaolin, traditional martial arts become a perfect self physical and spiritual process; "Shaolin Trilogy" second "for" Shaolin master in the action design is more concentrated and smooth, Gordon Liu to a few bundles of bamboo a defeated enemy martial arts scenes, people feel a kind of contain ordinary to the great Zen conception; 1983 "five Lang gossip stick", during the shooting star Alexander died suddenly, made the film a invisible with a bit of a heavy, the fighting scenes laws forbidding, just like a master of tolerance. If you catch the costume Kung Fu gold period, the class will have a as, but it was a class, a class action movie era of popular fashion. In 2003, directed by Chia-Liang Liu, starring Wu Jing "drunken monkey" continuation of the rash juvenile art master, his apprentices, training process of suffering in the fun, ultimately defeated villain of the traditional plot mode, in addition to improvements in motion editing, picture quality and technology, such as characters, plots, themes, and even action design and so, with twentieth Century 70's Shaw Brothers Kung Fu classics as. Action design theme, revenge old single character, plain narrative routine, dull, and showed some disjointed fashion action films, lead after the release of the film bombed at the box office, mark this event is classic kung fu movie times completely ended. Donnie Yen's "a tripod" Donnie Yen is a former members of Yuan Jiaban. As Yuen Wo Ping's disciples, since twenty-first Century he with "Qianjibian", "master" and "fuse" three times won the award for best action design award, is the leader in realism action director. On the background, Donnie Yen and his idol Bruce Lee is very similar: the United States education background, the Chinese martial arts foundation, Western rebellious spirit, even to a long time, Donnie Yen in the film performance and style of fighting with Bruce Lee in pursuit of personality -- the text, Wu stressed kickboxing. Before won the best action design award, Donnie Yen in action actor identity was memory. Yuen Wo Ping to create "drunken Tai Chi", "money laundering", "hit the witness", "Iron Monkey" and he directed the "Legend of the wolf", "the new Tangshan big brother" and other films, shows him as fast as lightning fist and aloof and cold personality, and Bruce Lee cut boxing emphasize the complementary techniques such as fast, accurate and strong. Bruce Lee has been known as the "Li Sanjue", is that he can use a very short time quickly completed three times, three times in the batter turned up in the process, the opponent off guard. "Tangshan big brother" end the battle and the opponents into the pool and "game of death" Philippines will play out in our land, it is this unique display. Donnie Yen this trick obsession, and bold innovation "a tripod", completed three consecutive times kick in the air time is shorter, more difficult, more good-looking. Do star and martial arts guide Donnie Yen in the television version of "fist of Fury", Donnie Yen faced three opponents at the same time, often by kicking the foot, the left and the right, the first three direction opponent fell to the ground, and finally to hanging horse potential. "On behalf of a tripod" as is the director Yuen Wo Ping's "Iron Monkey". With Donnie Yen and the monk in this fight "a tripod" and single leg support another leg spring like kick, is the reality of "a tripod" with the legendary "Foshan feet". The classical. After many years, theFilm released in the United States, still achieved good box office, with Donnie Yen also known for international action film. When Donnie Yen the independent director or action director, he will Yuen Wo Ping emphasized the true feeling and sense of rhythm action style of play to perfection, combined with his legs and music into a distinctive school, although his action style often rely on their own personal expression. In recent years, his action director and starring "master" and "fuse", is the representative of "Kung Fu Zhen" action style, in fighting to return to combat, with intense rhythm. For example: "master" he and Wu Jing fighting a stick and dagger collisions is the real hit the long shot records; the end of the film Donnie Yen and Sammo Hung fight, uses a large number of medium and long-term and long shots, the temporal and spatial variation of the fight. Design and performance of Donnie Yen always maintained a sharp and the sense of speed, serial leg, roundhouse kick, volley tripod classic action in order to show. Refreshing is based on his own and Sammo Hung body wide disparity, try to add a large number of Gracie Jiu Jitsu, utilizing joint technology, a technical ground technology, control the body weight than their own Sammo Hung, the fight scenes with technique support, is once again that the enormous potential of martial arts experts have innovation action the signal, known as "Kung Fu Movie brilliant reproduction". There is a "try SPL" success, Donnie Yen in the "fuse" directly to the international popular no limit wrestling (MMA) as a selling point. In battle, he and Collin Chou rally is a completely MMA Muay Thai for the arena show. Get excited, both sides seem to forget the plot, single-minded play "fighting game", with Donnie Yen still remember his "a tripod", but this time he changed into a double kick with right foot kick, annihilator tripods, but intermediate cut a knife. Looking at Donnie Yen's Kung Fu aesthetics, combined with his starring and served as action director of the film, we can see that his movement style has the following characteristics: 1 speed: attack speed, short route, small amplitude and elastic. 2 movements: MMA pursuit of no fixed routine and technical tricks. 3: the powerful strength, explosive force. 4 rhythm: concise and lively, rain type layout. 5 Styles: the realistic and serious. "The last laugh" Yuen Wo Ping from the 1992 "Huang Feihong" "Wu to save the market from the industry known as the" Bye "Yuen Wo Ping, respectively, by virtue of" Huang Feihong's tall in the saddle "(1993)," Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon "(2001)," Kung Fu "(2005)," Huo Yuanjia "(2007), a total of 5 times won the Hongkong Award for best action design award. However, in the five position in the martial arts award Yuen Wo Ping film, seems too thin. He is yesterday's "the first Wu Zhi", is today's "the Wu means". From the "China" to "the world", change the seemingly space, practical expression to the huge inclusiveness Yuen Wo Ping action design, this is also the reason why he can always occupy the action director pioneer status. Yuen Wo Ping's father Yuan Xiaotian had seven sons, the brothers together to form the yuan family class. Yuen Wo Ping was born in 1945, called the "peace", a few other brothers of "Xiang Ren", "faith", "the beginning of the day", "luck", "Yang Zhen" etc.. Yuen Wo Ping has trained a lot of martial Wushu, but was still in the north at the pear orchard. His style later movement known as the "secret rivals" comprehensive school. In twentieth Century eighty or ninety, Yuen Wo Ping held the red Jackie Chan, Donnie Yen, Jet Li, created a Kung Fu Comedy, kickboxing, graceful style of action. His film involves a lot of boxing, such as "snake" in the five style boxing, "Drunken Master" in Drunken Master, "money laundering" of free combat, "fist of legend" of Jeet kune do, "Tai Chi" and "Tai Chi" Zhang Sanfeng smile of Tai Chi, "Wing Chun" in Wing Chun. Iron Monkey "," the Hong Quan etc.. His action style is changeable, rationality, but has always stressed that action force and sense of attack and defense. In twentieth Century 80 in the early 1990s, several small budget film he and Donnie Yen cooperation is Kung Fu fans of classic, but no one to enter the award for best action design nomination. Moreover, he directed "Iron Monkey" although short but eventually lost. Although these action never disappoint, but one indisputable fact is that seems to be only in a good director general, Yuen Wo Ping moves to and film narration in complete harmony, the martial arts divine. "Huang Feihong's tall in the saddle" a piece of Huang Feihong (Jet Li decoration) and the narran 元述 (Donnie Yen decoration) fierce to stick, Huang Feihong still can feel Liang Kuan (Siu Chung Mok decoration) burned the register; "Crouching Tiger" Yu Xiulian (Michelle Yeoh) and Yu Jiaolong (Zhang Ziyi) in the yard weapon against. Panic Yu Xiulian can instantly lift weekdays simply crescent shovel motionless; "Stephen Chow and Bruce Leung Kung Fu" in the battle, Stephen Chow can seriously resorted to step on the toes of the Kung fu. The general action director pay too much attention to details and martial arts, to highlight the action itself and personal style, less from the script and character of the whole. Yuen Wo Ping gentle character and his "secret rivals" rich insight, makes him in dealing with the relationship between the action design and film narrative, often to the overall situation, strive to become "the last laugh" action master. The ultimate success of Yuen Wo Ping, is on the design concept of "not deviate from the". He was compared to other action guide to adapt to a wider, is that he can realize the action movie, action scene forever the theme service, must be based on the overall design style action movie. Many of the audience to see the surprise design in "Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon" in the Yuen Wo Ping, that is he always hardcore horse style, in fact, that is him as an action director of wisdom. A convey Zen conception of martial arts movies, cooperate with ethereal movements, is logical. Besides "Crouching Tiger" in action is not imagination, Zhang Ziyi and Michelle Yeoh in the chase Qinggong, have the corner of a wall, roof tiles as the fulcrum, force, and Tung Ching "the duel" decisive battle on his own sword continuous over "Ling Bo." there is the essential difference. "NRK" Dong Wei won the 2010 Hongkong film in the "October besieged city"Before the awards "best action design", Dong Wei in twentieth Century 90's with "downtown torpedoes" and "purple storm" two won the Hongkong Film Award for best action design award, drive at that time a lot of similar films emerge. The film although there are bright spots, but on the whole, have lost the Hongkong action of traditional texture. The film actor belongs to the younger generation, the lack of martial arts foundation, completes the action is too dependent on editing and special, so this kind of "showy" is only suitable for action film with a spy, spy components. Of course, this subject requirement, action design Dong Wei pursuit is concise and practical, action is neat, simple and direct, often nrk. The representative of "purple rain storm", "the", "downtown torpedoes". As action director industry
Tension, 1980 born in August, native of Shaanxi, now living in Beijing. Beijing Film Academy film school master, Bachelor of Arts from Nanjing Political College and Nanjing University Bachelor of management, a member of the China study in Taiwan and Hong Kong films. 11 year old martial arts since 1999 began to study writing martial arts culture and film and television art, in the "film art", "Journal of Beijing Film Academy" Chinese Wushu "published the article of more than 100 million words. Participated in the multiple action movie creation. the main representative works: in 2008, CCTV movie channel fifty episode documentary "Chinese martial arts film figures" overall planning, directing; in 2009, the first of the panorama of Kung Fu actor, martial arts instructor biography "play undead ghost feet seven: Xiong Xinxin kung fu movie legend"; 2012 July, panorama of Beijing modern tradition the martial arts culture oral history "the martial arts history".
Wu Zong dance tracks, masterpiece "dance Wu 相益 tension Mr. Kung Fu Secrets: action director art" is the first I have seen written in teaching style of kung fu movie creation monograph. When it comes to martial arts, inevitably reminiscent of Chinese martial arts. Speaking of Kung Fu, thought to be from China into the world of cinema of this new kind of art origin. Of course, inevitably reminiscent of the two complement each other to came from the ancient times, out of the development of Asia and the world. "Kung Fu" is also called "martial arts", "martial arts" or "Kung Fu movie". Trace back to far for Kung Fu films, such as "like a war dance of thorn of" Wu Wu, make-up people according to a certain program "on such as pierce like" show martial arts covers and the fighting, exaggeration show extraordinary martial arts skill of the acrobatic martial arts and other stage performing arts, can see the trace in the Kung Fu movies. The stage performing arts series into martial arts "slice" of the story, most of Chinese literature in the country battlefield war, chivalrous arena fights, a martial arts contest and other military martial arts, martial arts arena, Wu and Wu plot, and military patriotic, for the people, "punish" chivalrous spirit. Obviously, to explore the origin of Kung Fu, the source can be directly traced to the Chinese literature, Chinese literature involving around cross. It can be said that Kung Fu is the crystallization of traditional Chinese culture in the performance of various military and martial arts, Wu's literary creation and art manifestation. In this long "crystallization" process, various art forms and origins of Kung Fu martial arts to perfect technology system, reveals the intension of Wushu culture and Wushu social development, have played an active role should not be underestimated. In the martial arts system, the most eye-catching is the effect of stage performance art form of movement in the form of Wushu and perfect. In the Ming Dynasty, Qi Jiguang, Cheng Chong bucket as the representative of martial arts, martial arts from the stylized form stage performing arts, in the abandoned "play bureau sets" on practice effect and discard camp array "acts a virtual frame to front of beauty" and "must be" premise, making up the "thirty-two potential Changquan" and "the road cutting" wushu. Two editor in "that the preparation of Wushu to Ji Xiao Xin Shu" and "Geng remnant technology", is "on the comprehensive", "practical" offensive and defensive techniques, in accordance with the "potential for" rule layout sets, so that practitioners grasp and improvement of Wushu skills and skills, to achieve "the encounter and overcome" and "activity, Guan Qin body" for the purpose of. To overcome the practice "without" or "the supreme" limitations, avoid using "Lindi constraints". In revealing the Wushu culture, the most commendable is the shape of the military image in literary creation and stage performance art, visually and vividly demonstrated their spiritual realm. The martial arts hero "who would believe that the deed, have promise to have to be sincere, do not love the body, to his 阸 trapped" national hero "patriotism", "Water Margin heroes justice"...... One comes from life but higher than life artistic image, highlight the national spirit, improve the moral philosophy. He played a normative behavior, incentive youth education patriotic people to study hard. In the promotion of social development of Wushu, kung fu movie played a high-profile publicity. And don't say many foreign martial arts enthusiasts, is because see Kung Fu that Chinese Wushu Wushu practice, go on the road, and even the middle and primary schools,There are as many as 86.9% of the students know martial arts through the kungfu movie. (according to published 2008 "Chinese martial arts school education reform and development research") in various artistic forms and origins of Kung Fu is based on the military, Wu, martial arts, and in turn promote the development of Wushu, show Wu significance and the military spirit, although the stylized movements of mutual assimilation and the national spirit and the martial arts style of interaction, but due to their different purposes, the method is different, at the technical level is always the same to develop their own system. As the object of Kung Fu martial arts, instinctive behavior originated from human to survive and compete for survival, formed in a defensive action as material, corresponding to the unified techniques, in order to improve the offensive and defensive skills for the purpose of specialized integration process. During the thousands of years of the Cold War era, the main value of Wushu always reflected in order to improve the offensive and defensive skills. Relying on the main value derived from the fitness value, cultural value and so on, are inseparable from the practice of offensive and defensive action and improve the basic form of offensive and defensive skills. Even with the battlefield action firearm instead of cold weapons, martial arts training objective or said is the main value of Wushu also "transformation" as the strong fitness center, its value is still based on practice and action and improve the basic form of offensive and defensive skills. The ancient martial dance, acrobatics and martial arts. His operatic stage performing arts, mimic martial arts action as dance material, processed into the stage art language, used to express a certain story, shaping the characters. Kung Fu can be traced to the same origin in the ancient art of stage performance, although the development of the "film" for the stage, the scene can be arbitrary Wu; with modern science and technology to strengthen the choreography, Wu's ability to infinite exaggeration; in the modern context of innovative thinking, Wu's story is interesting, however, these artistic means in the modern, still not from. The purpose of art, only increase the martial arts performance, enhance the Kungfu movie entertainment and enjoyment. Or, to be adopted as stage performing art and Kung Fu martial arts material has been processed into the stage of artistic language, the performing art direction. Still keep offensive and defensive factors material and the original fitness value is no longer must follow the standard. At present, Kung Fu as the Chinese nation dedicated to the world a new species, caused the people all over the world, has attracted a following around the filmmakers. Kung fu movie secret where? Martial arts and action director which should follow the principle and grasp what methods? So do Kung Fu action director, gave birth to the "Kung Fu Secrets: action director art". This book by Sammo Hung, Siu Ming Tsui, Won Bin and other senior Hongkong kung fu movie director recommended, three ground work is art and tension of mr.. The art, Wu Yi and the convergence of a scene. Say here "three ground", including administration, Qin Q, Qin. Tension at the age of 11 school learn a variety of traditional and competitive Wushu, and Wu period on the combination of theory and practice, under the age of 18 has been in the school teaching assistant. Later, he was admitted to the Nanjing Political College Department of Journalism and communication college, Beijing Film Academy graduate, and lay a solid theoretical foundation of film and television arts. In recent years, the rising star in the martial arts and martial arts film and television culture as the research object, constantly absorbing gain knowledge at the same time, with the original opinion written dozens of academic thesis, participate in the planning and director of the CCTV movie channel fifty documentary "Chinese martial arts film figures". In the "Kung Fu Secrets: action director art", he takes to learn and acquire access object from the large number of documents action director theory and experience for the material, based on the review and summary and combing, induction, abstracts many martial arts instruction, action principle and method of the director. It can be said that the "three ground for" research results is the author, but also for the vast number of directors and actors to develop Kung Fu efforts and dedication of the collective achievement. Finally, thank the authors invited me to write a preface, gave me a statement of opinion, in honor of the opportunity to promote martial arts with art and culture development of Les sages. Kang Gewu in Beijing in March 30, 2009 (Kang Gewu, nine sections of Chinese martial arts, the Chinese Wushu Association Secretary General, research fellow, the State General Administration of Sports Wushu Research Institute of the original director and management center of the State General Administration of sports scientific research department of Wushu International Wushu Federation of traditional martial arts council vice director) the chivalrous spirit of Chinese martial arts for later generations can carry forward, Yangwei overseas propaganda Kung Fu piece of credit! For a long time, kung fu movie brings the infinite view can meet, as the audience at the same time, will also be a unique style and cultural characteristics, chivalrous spirit of the various sects of martial arts, and the historical development, are the one one in front of the audience, so the Kung Fu is an important bridge of the broad masses of the people to contact the Chinese martial arts. Although the development of node Kung Fu and Wushu indissoluble bound, and made great contribution to it, but it has been lack of Kung Fu are studied systematically and in-depth text, not let kung fu film this art to further develop. When her master's thesis, want to find some on the martial arts film development references are also very difficult. But I was very happy at home in recent years have scholars begin to explore in this area, and a tension is silently contribute. Hongkong saved a lot of martial arts tradition, Kung Fu originated in Hongkong, Hongkong is the birthplace, is the gateway to the overseas market. Different directors to create different styles of Kung Fu, Hongkong film industry more brilliant, the audience at a glance. Tension can see this feature in Mr., "Kung Fu Secrets: action director art" in one book, the thorough analysis of the development of Hongkong martial arts films, even some director's style analysis. Since different director personal style and style of filming the analysis work is less, tension, this work is to fill the gaps in the years, preserved the precious historical information for Kung Fu martial arts film, for the sustainable development of Kung Fu film will bring great benefit! Kung Fu film emphasizes the chivalrous spirit and national concept, with good and evil, can have a positive influence in the society, can be regarded as a kind of alternative education. Martial arts films over the years to create countless heroes, many young people have become the idol. With the appeal of the movie, it can form an influence in the society, the development of martial arts is not only an art analysis and research, is the cultural and moral social deconstruction. Tension, this book has considerable reference value at different levels, that will for the development of Kung Fu wrote a glorious page, and will remain the later chivalric spirit! I wish the "Kung Fu Secrets: action director art" after the publication of a popular paper! Siu Ming Tsui in April 16, 2009 in Hongkong (Siu Ming Tsui, the famous Chinese kung fu film director, action director, producer, President of Hongkong Sundream Motion Pictures Ltd)
Order a Wu Zong dance tracks, dancing and Wushu 相益 order two will remain later chivalrous spirit. order three martial arts is an art director Chapter1 Part1 action origin about "action director 1.1 foreign language world" action director 1.2 Chinese world "director" 1.3 academic world "the action director 1.4 action scenes and morphology of Chapter2 action director art origin of the 2.1 2.2 martial arts drama 3.4 />2.3 acrobatics dance 2.5 literature Chapter3 action director 3.1 the history of Martial Arts himself:" magic "3.2 classical martial arts: Wu education 3.3 classic Kung Fu: and 3.4 fashion action: fist, bullets, wire 3.5 action: 3.6 world grand beautiful new century new weather: an international perspective of human exploration of art and art the basic principle of Part2 Chapter4 4.1 action director general actions of 4.2 and Chapter5 plays the civil action director and dramatic conflict 5.1 5.2 dramatic fight characters fight environment dramatic 5.3 martial arts fighting drama 5.4 action moves the director and the provisions of Chapter6 6.1 dramatic action situation analysis of the situation of external rules 6.3 the story and action design Chapter7 action director and master thought 7.1 master thought 7.2 paragraph master thought 7.3 case scenario 6.2 internal regulations: "director and action figures design Chapter8 action character 8.1 character action 8.2 character Huo Yuanjia" of martial arts 8.3 character moves 8.4 character weapons Chapter9 action director and character 9.1 love to the depths of the hand dance analysis 9.2 case: analysis of snow battle "and" battle of Jiuzhaigou "Chapter10 action director and martial arts fighter 10.1 Fu film and martial arts fighting 10.2 action and fighting principle of 10.3 duel logical problem of 10.4 action and martial arts history 10.5 case: analysis of the space shuttle" through the action "10.6 case:" IP MAN "Wing Chun's overall victory Chapter11 action director and computer graphics 11.1 into action scene the core 11.2 stunt and martial arts" balance "< br > 11.3 from competitive to fight 11.4 computer animation action design commonly used digital technology Chapter12 action director and cultural attributes of 12.1 history theme selection and national art exhibition 12.2 national culture symbol and fable expressing 12.3 traditional cultural narrative context and background 12.4 Tung Ching and Yuen Wo Ping Part3 action director Chapter13 basic method of performing 13.1 head 13.2: upper body lower limbs language 13.4 13.3 Chapter14 body language set for 14.1 transition "Thirteen strokes" 14.2 "proposed three measures to fight on" 14.3 "many to many" and "many" fight Chapter15 photography 15.1 king 15.2 15.3 don't lens motion machine 15.4 axis 15.5 trick photography 15.6 case study: Master recruit "made to" Chapter16 16.1 series shear methods of fighting clips of the principle of 16.2 16.3 fight fight clip clip clip space between 16.4. The rhythm of Chapter17 technology 17.1 17.2 WIA trampoline 17.3 false 17.4 Power 17.5 powder limb blood plasma 17.6 fish 17.7 fly Chapter18 line intensity modulated 18.1 control on 18.2 repeatedly stress 18.3 focus Part4 emphasizes gold action interview Jackie Chan: the movie is my life Sammo Hung: Hongkong kung fu movie "mobile phone" Ha Ling Chun: from the "double king" to "the best weapons means" Tsui Hark: "man" is a philosophy of life. Johnwoo: take action. Chia-Liang Liu dance technique: Kung Fu "historical records" Yuen Wo Ping: action design, sensible unexpected Tung Ching: founder of the Jiang Daohai: MagicIn acrobatics, action design prototype Luo Lixian: my lens "always on the move" Xiong Xinxin: die fighting "ghost feet seven" Xu Xiangdong: action design is building Zhao Changjun: in this life, I am born Chiu Man-Cheuk martial arts: Lang Lang, king of the wind. Ma Zhenbang: fist of life eighty years Gordon Liu: Kung Fu martial arts, from the theme to the story of the creation of Chen Guantai: Drama "pigua master Guo Jianyong: took action to" show Wu sang " He Qing: history in the image extends Appendix 1: Hongkong martial arts guide origin Appendix 2: the different era weapons Appendix 3: Overseas Wushu list Appendix 4: the Hongkong Film Award for best action design awards and nominations Appendix 5: the Taiwan Golden Horse Film Award for best action design awards and nominations references to published @##@.
Thousands of years of Chinese Wushu and the hundred years of western movies at intersection, gave birth to the world famous martial arts films, the core part of the action director "embody the Chinese movie person's wisdom, is the Chinese movie's unique contribution to world cinema! What is the difference between the martial arts film, kung fu movie, action movie? What is the technical development of eighty years history of Chinese martial arts film? What is the core secrets and authoring Chinese martial arts films? What is the creative basis and method of Movie Martial arts director, action director? how the script in the martial art of description into a visual image of the screen? how to combine Chinese traditional culture with the fantastic screen action perfect?
"Kung Fu secrets" to study and get access to the object from the large number of documents action director theory and experience for the material, based on the review and summary and review on abstracting the principle and method of martial arts director, action director, is I currently see the first kung fu movie creation tutorial. - Kang gove: Professor, State General Administration of Sports Wushu Research Institute of Chinese Wushu Association Secretary General "Kung Fu secrets" important business "for the first time on kung fu movie action director" and "martial arts" were studied, summed up a lot of our hard-earned experience and methods can be used as a * * * required materials, to improve the action director "art status, to promote the overall innovation of Chinese kung fu movies help. Sammo Hung: the famous actor and action director, director of Wushu guidance and action director to occupy a place in the film, "Kung Fu" secrets of the book opened up martial arts screen many classical martial arts secret inner, mystical culture excavation kung fu movie behind the scenes, can better promote the combination of martial arts and movies and let us a deeper understanding of Chinese Wushu culture. Tung Ching: famous action director, director Zhang Li this book has considerable reference value at different levels, believe will Kung Fu under the spectrum of a glorious page, and will remain the later chivalric spirit! Siu Ming Tsui: famous kung fu film director and choreographer of Chinese martial arts films from the mainland, the rise in Hongkong. In recent years, the mainland's Kung Fu has made rapid development, tension the "Kung Fu secrets" made a complete summary to the mainland and Hong Kong and Taiwan counterparts, to let more people understand kung fu movie for us, this is our pride. Corey Yuen: famous action director, director saw tension the "Kung Fu secrets", the first feeling is a lucky and happy. In the current Hongkong film need to reinvigorate the environment, the kung fu film "Kung Fu" mainland textbook written by the author, let us have a "brief encounter" feeling. Won Bin: famous action director, Hongkong stuntman Union Executive Chairman of martial arts film is film type of Chinese people created, but the technique has since secret to row, tension it straight to the point, "splicing" chapter especially hard. Interested in martial arts creation, reading gain. Xu Haofeng: famous swordsmen literature writer, director @##@ line
Kung Fu is the world a miracle in Chinese, is a great contribution to world cinema. Kung fu movie art ancient oriental martial arts culture and the perfect combination, to create a department of classics. From the "burning of the Red Lotus Temple" to "Huang Feihong" series, from the "Shaolin Temple" to "Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon", Chinese martial arts has a long history. Kung Fu film based on the extensive and profound Chinese traditional culture, can be fully developed in China, and its own unique style has been formed. In 2000, directed by Ang Lee's "Crouching Tiger" won the seventy-third session of four Oscar awards, and martial arts design which has been recognized as the movie climax, setting off a kung fu movie climax in the whole world, the profound Chinese culture with the Kung Fu to the world. "Action" is a kung fu movie creation soul, and "action" implementation of the "martial arts" and "action director" is a kung fu film success or failure key figures, this position is also the Chinese film contribution to world cinema in recent years, more and more of the "martial arts instruction", "action director" to participate in the foreign film, the kung fu film elements to the world, at the same time, they also absorbed the excellent kung fu elements of other countries and regions, enrich the connotation of "motion design". However, the "martial arts" and "action director" the training of specialized personnel, or the traditional "Apprentice" mode, which seriously restricts the innovation and development of martial arts. Many aspiring to kung fu movie creation talent and do not know how to start. The teacher wrote "tension Kung Fu Secrets: action director art" one book, it solved the problem. This book makes a systematic research on the "martial arts" and "action director" this profession, reviews the origin and action director, analyzes basic principle of action director, summarizes the basic method of action director. Famous actionActor and director Sammo Hung believe that this book can be used as a textbook for reading reading ", given a high rating. In addition, there are on the gold film interview book, provides first-hand information for our study. The book was first published in 2009 printing, won industry acclaim. We in the process of preparing "Film Academy" series, found the book for the future development of Chinese kung fu movies significance, therefore invited Mr. tension out of this book. The tension he gladly promised, and the manuscript was revised and supplemented in recent years new research, enrich the contents of the book, which has guiding significance.
The book for the material to study and get access to the object from the large number of documents action director theory and experience, based on the review and summary and review on abstracting the principle and method of martial arts director, action director, is I currently see the first kung fu movie creation tutorial. - Kang gove: Professor, State General Administration of Sports Wushu Research Institute of Chinese Wushu Association Secretary General book important business "for the first time on kung fu movie action director" and "martial arts" were studied, summed up a lot of experience and our trades with the blood and sweat, can be used as a line of required materials. To improve the action director "art status, to promote the overall innovation of Chinese kung fu movies help. Sammo Hung: the famous actor and action director, director of Wushu guidance and action director to occupy a place in the film industry, the book opened up many classical martial arts movie scenes of martial arts secret inner, mystical culture excavation kung fu movie behind the scenes, can better promote the combination of martial arts and movies, let us a deeper understanding of China Wushu culture. Tung Ching: famous action director, director of the Chinese martial arts films from the mainland, the rise in Hongkong. In recent years, the mainland's Kung Fu has made rapid development, the tension of the book made a complete summary to the mainland and Hong Kong and Taiwan counterparts, to let more people understand kung fu movie for us, this is our pride. Corey Yuen: famous action director, director saw the tension in this book, the first feeling is a lucky and happy. In the current Hongkong film need to reinvigorate the environment, the kung fu film "Kung Fu" mainland textbook written by the author, let us have a "brief encounter" feeling. Won Bin: the action director, Hongkong stuntman Union Executive President Mr. tension of this work at different levels have considerable reference value, believe will Kung Fu under the spectrum of a glorious page, and will remain the later chivalric spirit! Siu Ming Tsui: famous kung fu film director and martial arts martial arts film is film type of Chinese people created, but the technique has since secret to row, tension it straight to the point, "splicing" chapter especially hard. Interested in martial arts creation, reading gain. Xu Haofeng: famous hard martial arts literature writers, directors
"Kung Fu Secrets: the action of art director (Revised Edition)" pictures, writing concise, and easy analysis of the martial arts movie history classic classic action, martial arts film making rules and deduces, reduction of the kung fu movie art character.
Kung Fu Secrets download
Kung Fu Secrets download
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