The world art history (reels)

The world art history (reels)


Basic information
The time of publication:2003-02-01
Press:Oriental Press
Author:Ji Lingyi
Pages:300
BookTitle:The world art history (reels)
Preface
The world film has gone through more than one century. Compared with other ancient art, it is still quite young. However, through the joint efforts of several generations of national film artists, the film has achieved rapid development. From the "photos" to the real movie, from silent to sound, from black and white to color, wide screen, stereo, panorama, it took only a few years time. Now the film has special performance means, enough to make it freely, a true show broad picture of the society, reproducing long history scene, deepening people's delicate inner world. The film at different stages of its development process, there are many famous masterpiece, or innovation, in the film language film genre creation played a great role, or with its unique theme and beautiful art form to satisfy people's needs of watching. It is these works show the film in different periods of appearance and determine the direction of development of the movie art. From 1989 to date, I have the honor to participate in the "appreciation of world movie dictionary" (four volumes) writing and editing work, this work has benefited me a lot. In the face of those that constitute the dazzling world movie Gallery of art, I was filled with admiration and gratitude to contribute to the film artists, they overcome all kinds of hardships and dangers, committed to continuous innovation perseverance have deep respect. Since then, my heart a kind of passion, desire to make a general description and explanation of the main course of the development of film for hundreds of years and the contribution that the personality and charm of the masters. Although I know, it is not easy to do, but almost "". Because before has published historical narrative movie only to twentieth Century fifty or sixty years or eighty years, to the contemporary world film deals only in some books and articles, there is no system works for reference. Therefore, this adds to my this topic research interest, and has conducted the material accumulation and conceptual preparation. Mr. Tian Benxiang China Art Research Institute proposed to compile conceived a "world art history books". Including the film roll, this idea has given me the opportunity to realize this desire. "World Art History Series" have a unified concept, for each volume was made words unified regulations strictly. This being so, the book also could not process of movie hundred year development do too much elaboration. This book seeks to develop from the viewpoint of film art, the greater contribution to the country, especially America, the former Soviet Union, the film creation of Italy, France and other countries, some of the masters of the art world famous creation and its representative works, have been briefly described and analyzed. Some of the important schools of thought appeared in the different stages of the development of the film, but also within the book's vision. Because of the limited space and time as well as data sources, it should also involves the creation of some countries and film master could not be discussed, if possible, when in the future works enrich and perfect. The author hopes that, this book will provide a clue to the care and love of film art to the world friends, overview the development of film art can have a rough understanding of. This book is an attempt, the reader will read that many omissions or shortcomings, hope you and relevant experts hesitate. 
Summary of contents
"World art history" in the face of the reader is the college education of the cadres and workers, as well as non professional cadres, students, can be used as amateur reading them, can also be used as some colleges related department or teaching reference books. It is required to accurately describe briefly the different category of art history, highlight the key requirements of events, characters and works, to reflect the current development level, reflect the latest research results. It is hope that the writing was popular, and strive to vivid, especially for the work must have the good art analysis and accurate evaluation. Both to the academic system, the pursuit of knowledge, but also emphasizes readability. It is to enhance the reader's interest, every book has the representative image data, typical of the 150 paintings according to the order of history, do with pictures. This is obviously a popular introductory book, but also pay attention to academic. For each kind of art history in the safe history narrative, not only to the development account of humanities background, art schools, clear, and to focus on representative, representative works are introduced and analyzed. In the processing of the East and west art proportion, this book also give the proper arrangement. We are basically in accordance with the chronicle's method, they make parallel narratives, such, also has a history of art color objectively. Let the reader in comparison, think and think some comparison of eastern and Western art. I believe that include the world drama, film, painting, the world world world sculpture, world music, world dance and knowledge of history of World Architecture series, it will guide the reader to swim in the human art history in the ocean, tour in the world history of art gallery, help people achieve good wishes to the "maximum spiritual satisfaction to spend your life". 
Catalog
The first chapter of the initial stage of the second chapter Hollywood empire building the third chapter of Chaplin's glorious achievements in the fourth chapter the early German cinema, from prosperity to decline fifth chapter Swedish School of the rise and fall of the sixth chapter of French art film, Impressionism and avant-garde film chapter seventh Soviet film the birth of the eighth chapter "great dumb" began to speak French poetry ninth chapter the realism and the "disillusionment" chapter tenth thirty or forty years of the twentieth Century film "citizen" and American Kaine chapter eleventh Soviet movies of the new development of the twelfth chapter two war theme movie the thirteenth chapter China society of film and the movie the fourteenth chapter Italy new realism road fifteenth chapter of the French new wave and let Luc Godard chapter sixteenth old Hollywood with the "new Hollywood" the seventeenth chapter "political film" Bo Xing eighteenth chapter Federico Fellini: Modernism and realism in the nineteenth chapter of Antonioni, Pasolini and Italy new film chapter twentieth of the new German Cinema development path and so on 
Chapter abstract
Digest "photographic" this concept in today's already be known to all, the people in the picnic, for friends gathering and important meetings or occasions will use this form to record the scene photography to mark. Standard body portrait is as a status symbol. Photography has wide use value in all fields have a crowd. This bearing the portrait, landscape or situation, and people can bring the infinite joy and photographs won hundreds of millions of people of all ages. People may have thought, now, this instant into things, but need a full 14 hours in 1823 the French Monday Daguerre and nicephore Ni E P J had just invented photography at. The stationary state early inventors are not satisfied with the camera in 1851, photographer Crowe generation's Studio Photos first "moving" up. The so-called dynamic, is to put an action of decomposition steps were taken down thousands of. 1872 - 1878 years, British scholar Bridge Murray used a similar experiment took the velocity and attitude: later, French physiologist Marlay in 1888 on the successful "activities film series camera" (chronophotographe a plague mobile). At the same time, America inventor Edison created the four group of holes of 35 mm film style modern chisel, soon launched the "mirror" (kinetoscope) film. This time around, many countries in Europe and America inventor has produced the "moving picture" experience, which really done for this study is the French Louis Lumiere. In 1895 December 28 daily he developed "moving" (Cinematographe) premiered his filming the first movie "factory gate", this day is recognized as the film birth day. In response, some European and American countries disagree, before that movie birth date should be here, this is also very natural. The film first appeared in the American is called peepshow "mobile", a person spend a penny can alone at 50 feet of small motion picture. In April 23, 1896, Kirst of New York and Eyre hall debut mobile. This is the American experience for the first time collective watch movies fun. When the music hall lights, with a noisy machines, a dazzling light reflection to the white curtain. Appeared in front of people is two blonde girl, nimble dancing umbrella dance movements. After a tempestuous waves lashed against the stone embankment near the beach....... This kind of living like be personally on the scene and magic to see people terrified, the playground where customers are poor, less educated, less dramatic knowledge, so the screen this lifelike picture they see, mobile as a vaudeville act soon loved by the people. Kosters - Bael hall show sensation reminded America down hall bosses, screenings film is a kind of a way of earning money. Park owners have converted their amusement for the film museum. There is an American, had served as a fire captain named hale, he designed a close by the time train style construction vehicle type theatre, the conductor are dressed like the conductor of the train, named "Hale tourist car". With the vibrating sound ringtones and machine when the train running, shooting from the last carriage scenery on the movie screen to the. This is the imaginary trip in the movie is a very exciting experience for the general audience is. With professional theatre and touring success, by 1903, the film as a special form of public entertainment has been incorporated into the art category: when the French film pioneer George Meili loved the film attracted a large audience. But American contents of his films are myths and tales of phantasia. Pragmatic Americans are more interested in social reality from American theme. USA since production has been a cowboy, workers, farmers and the general public life and social phenomenon as the object of crime, especially Edwin · s Porter according to press reports produced by the "Great Train Robbery" shows the great potential of the movie reflect reality, promotes the producers thought. This kind of movies and spy "on an attack", "bank robbery", "the bank robbers pry safe arrested in mind". Poverty and poor living conditions are at the beginning of the twentieth Century, Americans are concerned about the topic, such as "gold" crimes performance of the coal miner's daughter in order to cure his father to a stagecoach robbery, robbery militia understand her reasons not only releases also give donations; "miser" the cellar for a poor widow, miser hoards found the secret, make family saved. There is a kind of naive realism and moral religious films, such as "criminals", describes a sin the dismissed men, saved a child of the rich. Comes home to the poor family, he had to steal to steal, he saved the child at home. The children identify, he finally got help. This kind of film and the return of the prodigal son ",". Corresponding with the sympathy and educate the poor and those depicting the rich film, only from the title can be seen on the performance of the content, such as "bad" banker ", corruption," "fate" and "miser", a "politician" etc.. Another class of reflected ethics movies, such as "women", "Van women's vocation", "ocean" and other stories. Performance of alcohol harm is to look at the scenery "," Zuiyan hazy film series. While many film the pioneering spirit of the more love for the America audience, such as "a cowboy's life", "Yima", "the prospector savior" etc.. Future movie, promoted the new projection places. In 1905, John Harris and Harry Davis in the Pittsburgh put an empty shop converted into a movie theater for the gorgeous, named "the cinema". This cinema fare of five cents, five cents American is a nickel, so it is also called a cinema. Don't look at this theater fare is low, can Business Hours from eight a.m. until twelve p.m., attractive movie and music playing, nearly a hundred seats are not. One week down, income was 1000 yuan of above. ThisBusiness spread like wildfire, a variety of entertainment to change five Penny cinema, not long time Nickelodeon all over the country large and medium-sized city, most of the time USA the Nickelodeon has grown to nearly ten thousand. Nickelodeon is mainly based on the working areas and slums, visit the cinema is more workers and families of workers. USA is emerging powers gradually built by multi national immigration, immigration American Western vast territory and all over the America around, 1902 - 1903 years, USA immigrants reached climax. A large number of immigrants has provided abundant cheap labor and vast domestic market for agricultural economic development and industrialization process American, on the other hand is also an urgent need to America government quickly set up a relatively complete social order. Just the regular Nickelodeon is with many immigrants as the main body of the masses of workers. Early a cinema is more coverage of international affairs, world, foreign and local scenery, as well as mentioned above that kind of film. In a short span of one or two minutes, the film's optimism, a sense of justice, America progress of pride, heroic labor enthusiasm, can make an ordinary citizens feel excited about the new business development. During this period to reflect social reality, fashion and social activities of the early USA film is the best day, geography, and. In fact, American movies from the start is not only an important historical records American social development, it becomes USA life itself stimulus strength and education. The film highlights to teach newcomers how to respect the law and order American, understand the national administrative organization, and joined the America nationality as a USA civic pride. The film to the immigration and ordinary people in America society than with other forms of education are more vivid and concrete. Thousands of hundreds of performance USA the history and reality of the film appeared in American, became the children and the less educated people have thought, view. On the attitudes of government and society, an important way of moral behavior. It is not only a cheap entertainment. It has three kinds of attribute from the initial stage: 1; 2; 3 a special form of social forces. Can say, the movie in American start-up stage initially established the "America performance method". When the return of three, realism is not what improvement in the Hollywood, "USA new movies", "new Hollywood" directors with its anti traditional spirit to the society put forward sharp criticism and suggestions, make American film face take on an altogether new aspect. It is to "Bonnie and Clyde" (1967) appeared as a symbol, followed by "graduates", "USA graffiti", "midnight Cowboy", "the godfather", "the last movie". "Easy Rider", "one flew over the cuckoo", "taxi driver" and other films, formed American film anti traditional trend, the international critics called "a return of realism". In the promotion of this trend, in 70 during the second half of the emergence of three subjects eye-catching: 1 Vietnam war film, with "taxi driver" the performance "Vietnam syndrome" is the beginning of the film, then there is a reflection of the Vietnam War trend, from 70 time end "the deer hunter", "Apocalypse Now" to 80's half of the "platoon", "full metal jacket", "born on July 4th" and a number of films, not only reflects the tremendous trauma Vietnam brings to USA people, criticism American government policy, but also touches upon the aggressive war to destroy the human nature, make people become inhuman with a philosophical proposition; 2 ethical family film, from the "Cramer", "ordinary people" couples, "golden pond", "terms of endearment", "fatal attraction", "the Hanna sisters" until the late 80's "Rain Man", these films are focus on the performance of family ethics moral problems, to adjust the relationship between father and daughter, mother, brother, couples, the consolidation of human affection; 3 social criticism, to reveal the current troubled America social drug. Drugs, rape. Murder and other atrocities, representative works include "the godfather", "villa", "USA detective Beverly", "the past" be just and stern, "the defendant" etc.. Of course, other themes of outstanding work is generally caused by the critics and the audience interest and love, such as the performance of historical figures of "Mozart", reflecting the race relations "Miss Daisy production car", "dances with Wolves" etc.. Some other excellent films and the film not mentioned constitute the mainstream of American film seventy or eighty's. Enter 90 age four, deepening the theme, America film is also one of productivity, such as for China's vast audience are familiar with and in the overseas market very salty work "Agam story", "Schindler's list", "Titanic" and the recent "Saving Private Ryan" etc.. Might as well here puts forward two problems: how to distinguish between serious film America in film and general commercial or entertainment? What is the reason of formation of contemporary American film is attractive?...... Illustrations 
Media attention and comments
The film has a history of more than a century. Compared with other ancient art. It is also quite young. However, through the joint efforts of several generations of national film artists. The film has achieved rapid development. From the "photos" to the real film, silent to sound, from black and white to color, wide screen, stereo, panorama, it only took a few decades. Now the film has special performance means, enough to make it freely. The real formation is broad picture of the society, reproducing long history scene, deepening people's delicate inner world. The film at different stages of its development process, there are many famous masterpiece, or innovation, in the film language film genre creation played a great role, or with its unique theme and beautiful art form to satisfy people's needs of watching. It is these works show the film in different periods of appearance and determine the direction of development of the movie art. From 1989 to date, I have the honor to participate in the "appreciation of world movie dictionary" (four volumes) writing and editing work, the two I I benefited a lot from. In the face of those that constitute the dazzling world movie Gallery of art. I was filled with admiration and gratitude to contribute to the film artists, they overcome all kinds of hardships and dangers, committed to continuous innovationCable and perseverance have deep respect. Since then, my heart a kind of passion, desire to make a general description and explanation of the main course of the development of film for hundreds of years and the contribution that the personality and charm of the masters. Although I know, it is not easy to do. But almost "". Because before the published movie history only goes down to twentieth Century 五六十三 generation or eighty generation, to the contemporary national film discussed only in some books and articles, there is no system works for reference. Therefore, this adds to my this topic research interest, and has conducted the material accumulation and conceptual preparation. Mr. Tian Benxiang China Art Research Institute proposed to compile conceived a "World Art History Series", including the film roll, this idea has given me the opportunity to realize this desire. "World Art History Series" have a unified concept. For each volume of the word was made uniform regulations strictly. This being so, the book also could not process of movie hundred year development do too much elaboration. This book seeks to develop from the viewpoint of film art, the greater contribution to the country, especially American, the former Soviet Union, Italy, the film creation of France and other countries, some of the masters of the art world famous creation and its representative works, have been briefly described and analyzed. Some of the important schools of thought appeared in the different stages of the development of the film, but also within the book's vision. Because of the limited space and time as well as data sources, it should also involves the creation of some countries and film master could not be discussed, if possible, when in the future works enrich and perfect. The author hopes that, this book will provide a clue to the care and love of film art to the world friends, overview the development of film art can have a rough understanding of. This book is just a try. The reader will read that many omissions or shortcomings, hope you and relevant experts hesitate. 
Editor recommends
Accurate briefly describes the film art history, focusing on the events, characters and works as a prominent, reflects the current development level, reflect the latest research achievements. Popular, be lively and vivid words. Has strong system, academic and readability.
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