The dance of

The dance of


Basic information
The time of publication:1999-9
Press:Editorial Committee of Chinese dance, Xuelin press (1999-09)
Author:Editorial board of Chinese Dance - Chi Series
Pages:238
BookTitle:The dance of
Preface
In twenty-first Century the world is the high-tech world, is also the civilian culture in the world, is refers to the traditional sense of the elegant culture. When the cross after twenty-first Century will also integrate social and continuously to the civilian. The creation of human beings in human motion Art -- dance, can be a variety of art in one of the most popular art style. Other human society survival condition and the emotion accumulate onto the behavior between the culture of human society, reflect the depth and breadth; and China dance is Chinese traditional folk dance, but also reflects the special function of dance. This is not only the human social activities is the basic proposition of the art of dance, and more importantly, it constitutes the human another level most alive, vibrant culture system and ideology. Since long, lonely L Meng Confucianism has been regarded as synonymous with Chinese traditional culture. Since the Western Han Dynasty, China traditional ideology is Confucianism as the mainstream, Taoism, Mohism, legalism as the unity of all classes of authors. But it has been neglected another thought system China folk existence, namely to the working people creation and activities during a lot of poems, novels, dramas, including the formation of the ideological system of the folk dance, the ideological system of Confucian thought more than creative spirit and life vitality. So, we say, China people world outlook, outlook on life, view of life and death, moral values, the concept of happiness, which is due to a widespread folk including "the romance of the Three Kingdoms", "Water Margin", these dictate body of folk literary and artistic works, but in the most widely circulated Chinese folk dance as the folk is the ordinary people become the passions, is home to one of the carrier of non judgment. In other words, it is to the human body the angle of refraction of the whole nation psychological process, marked the development of this flow path. However, different from other literary arts, Chinese folk dance as art characteristics and activities in the form of its own with mixed characteristics -- folk in weddings and funerals folk Pepsi, flexible form, strong randomness, dance, rap and and not to stick to one pattern, mobility and activity places shabby clothing dress big. And so on, not only that, due to historical reasons, the religious color of superstition and often mixed them, all this, all make the thousands of years of scholars a contemptuous disregard of this "insignificant skill", therefore is not the so-called history, even the gossip, few records. The existence of such a state of course is the historical accumulation of results. After the founding of new Chinese, this situation has fundamentally changed, reform and open policy brings the prosperity of cultural undertakings, so we have to China precious cultural heritage -- China folk dance "to" the opportune conditions, not only that, China folk dance as a kind of human activity, because the reason, the social culture in today, as usual in folk free breeding and rapid in folk spread and deep into all the folk Pepsi hundred in the situation, basically is the dance of professional and non professional creation instead of suspending. Therefore, through resolving way, detailed collation and summarized the survival, development and activities China folk dance of all, to understand the relationship between a kind of culture and society, and open up the dance development way today and channel integration and the people in the scientific summary of the emulsion, will have a very positive significance. The book is divided into paper, records, historical relics, biographies, chart of several parts, the provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) as published in the actual investigation, first-hand information, the system into provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) folk dance history, current situation, content and form, style and genre characteristics, evolution and related customs, customs. The provinces (cities, autonomous regions) dance is not considered crossing and overlapping each other, with the preservation of the detailed information and local features. The book focused on the country's manpower, material resources to write, participated in the preparation work of all sorts of experts and scholars and dance workers, the Ministry of culture of the people's Republic of China under the leadership of the provinces (municipalities directly under the central government, autonomous district,) support the culture hall, Bureau, as the organizer, Shanghai City Cultural Bureau paid a large amount of manpower and material resources, Xuelin press in the publication of this book also worked hard together? We would like to sincerely thank,"The dance of the Editorial Committee of" 
Summary of contents
The brilliant culture of Chinese dance, has a long history. It is from the source of dribs and drabs, finally into today's a vast expanse of water. In the long course of history, have towards billow, also have the Whitewater slalom but it is always restless, aspect in China earth, toward the front, towards the future. In ancient China, the dance is called "Le" an important part, the ancients said: "poem express thoughts and feelings, the singing sound out of it and dance performance, its image. The three are rooted in people's heart, and then playing musical instruments." Le contains poetry dancing such elements. This ancient art at its birth, the original is All blend into one harmonious whole., chaos undivided. Poetry, people called music, dance, just after a long course of development, gradually formed. "The Chinese dance history in Zhejiang," as one of the dance history series, described in detail the history, current situation, content and form, style, evolution characteristics of Zhejiang folk dance and various customs. In the dance contains a deep sense of national spirit. China vast territory, numerous nationalities, the diversified natural environment and cultural traditions, imbalance in the history of the development process, a magnificent picture of a colorful, rich content of the Chinese dance culture. This book can be regarded as fully embody the China dance as the magnificent achievements of the Chinese nation's wisdom and the crystallization of the soul. 
Catalog
Review records of han dance Fenghua Bulong Da Ao dragon dancing dragon dragon dragon dragon dragon Kanmen flowers spelling out roll Lumbricus Yangyi file dragon dragon dragon dragon long windmill knot board board the ship in long Ju Long knurling long Ding Bulong Shuanglongxizhu Shuangshi rob light hard lion Hashikawa Ao red hair Lion Dance: dance of the She nationality historical relics of historical materials in the festive figure records chart...... 
Chapter abstract
Digest [Shuanglongxizhu] spread in Zhejiang Changxing County Shan area. It is said: before the founding of the Bian mountain Longhua Temple Church, Huzhou Bai que Xiang a dragon dance team go, passing through the grass Wu Village, local villagers asking them to dance, dragon team march off. This inspired you to create the determination, they self rice as funds, by Mr. Chen Xiuming, according to his father teach skills, combined with the local folk custom created "Shuang" dance, with local terrain features of the name. The dance festivals zoucunchuanhu performance, according to Customs show, to leading advanced school house, his complete dragon tail exit, commonly used routines have "half month", "long water", "two or three ball", "lock", "butterfly flowers", "long 展威" twenty-eight. Dance dance steps can not correctly, otherwise the body to knot, such as cut with a knife body, regarded as a bad omen. The old artist Chen Xiuming dragon skill amazing, he will be dragon ball thrown outside the wall, immediately after the hand, make dragon with dragon flying through the air. [Shuangshi rob lamp] Ninghai lion dance (commonly known as "the lion", also known as the "lion light") popular regional wide, prevalence of the county a total of more than 400 classes, almost every village there are traces of it; follow the history long, Shi Ke test can be traced back to the Southern Song Dynasty, has been one thousand years of history. Ninghai is the "Lion Dance" and the reputation in our province. Ninghai county was founded in the first year of Shanxi, Taikang, is a civilized ancient county. Jin geography set: Ninghai "gas impatient light, good Buddhist believe in ghosts". The county around the Temple Temple especially. A lot of the history monks have been to Ninghai, Tiantai Guoqing Temple founder wise master, engineer, Jian Zhen have a footprint left in Ninghai. In the Buddhist Festival (such as temple fair, Kai Guang) tend to be a lion dance. Guangxu "Ninghai County," contains: "the custom of burnt wood, called the cicada access community, city, temple worship lanterns drama agency festoon to twenty 乃止 (city of speech to the fourteen country, thirteen)." Worship is not only includes drama drama, dragon dance, lion dance, tea, lantern, folk dance, the lion dance is the most outstanding universal. Held a grand reception ceremony. Folk: Southern Song Dynasty Prime Minister Ye Mengding came back, people will be carried out to meet the dragon, lion dance, thus the Southern Song Dynasty of Ninghai has been popular lion dance. Each region of Ninghai spread of many stories about the lion. "Two rob lamp" is south Ao village artisans in the traditional lion dance performance basis, according to the local spread of folklore development. According to the legend, the Nan Ao Cun of Maofeng mountain group monster, to smoke opium, spraying spit poison miasma, cattle mutilation. One day the Manjusri riding a lion pass by, sees too horrible to look at, he commanded the lion to cure the demon. The golden lion to Maofeng mountain whispered a roar, monsters will succumb. People can see the Golden Lion spirit to eliminate the disaster, they respect for god. I do not know how much time passed, it became a monster to only cover the lantern to lure the lion, the lion see the lantern room lamp will chase them, lion fun forget to return. The lion is not in, the monster out against animal, a young man determined to get rid of, made a fine room lamp, went out to look for the lion, the boy had 六六三十六 River, climbed seven seven forty-nine hills, find eighty-eight courthouse, went nine nine for eighty-one days, finally saw the lion in Hainan. The lion to see the boy hand room lamp exquisite, is urgent. The boy with the lamp to the lion lured back to Maofeng mountain, and put the lamp in the hole, let the lion will play there, since the lion has never left. Ninghai people think, the lion is a symbol of good luck, with the lion around life too many to count what names, cave lions, the lion Ao, lion head, lion foot, lions back and so on, a multitude of names, be too numerous to enumerate. According to the old artists recall statistics, thirty years of this century, Ninghai has more than 400 lion class, two Xiang Cha Lu lion dance is the most common, the village has a lion class, a village of a few class. The lion class, to Xixiang in the pit, recurved in Dongxiang, the outskirts of South Ao dance the best. Nan Ao representing the lion dance of Ninghai. After the founding of the PRC, Nan Ao artists bold innovation, put a lion traditional evolved into three lion, a lion, a lioness, a young lion (a man). Such as "rob five lamp", that is in the middle of each of the four corners of a lamp, a lion in the middle to dance, hip lamp lamp, bite. Row show "Shuangshi rob lamp" with excellent performance to win the praise of. In 1982 went to Ningbo Fenghua "four spring" festival, won the first prize, first prize of mining consolidation. 1984 to participate in the National Day parade, famous yongcheng. Ninghai lion class, organization form is basically the same, generally from the village to buy clothing props, by Yi people elect responsible organization activities. The lion class number, much more than 50 people, little also has more than twenty people. The lion class in addition to the activities in the traditional festivals, the Buddhist Festival, in case of fire, flood, plague, a lion is in class activities. The lion class are in service to the village news, commonly known as "post", where the lunar January put posts, the owner can not refuse, if rejected, think of the negative. The lion class) village show, to sound, beat gongs and sound drums, firecrackers, to show good luck comes. The lion dance, must first go to the ancestral temple dance, commonly known as "channeling, channeling Temple" temple "". "Channeling Temple" image, "channeling Temple" is in order to obtain when land Bodhisattva bless. And then to the village. Every time the lion dance, for a reward, many by master optional, but money is not easily obtained, often to the pressure in the hundreds of pounds of Shijiu, let the lion sneak away in the dance, if taken at the tip when the owner found, or is overturned Shijiu, or because of Shijiu heavy and not get, was considered the lion dance class level is low and not popular. The lion dance is civil and military division, Wu Shi to Xixiang in the pit as the representative, show the courage of a lion character, such as jumping, traumatic, climbing, rolling and so on, Teng. The lion in the suburban South ao as representative, performing lion gentle demeanor, gentle movements, such as itching, licking the hair, hair, Mochizuki, roll and shake. The lion is brave and organic Wenshi tame and Wu Shi melting as a whole. "Two rob lamp" that belongs to civil and military lion type. The performing routine is the "dancing lights", "the lion", "bite the lamp", "Lion", "Xi Shi", "stack of lion", "upside down", "catch a lion". "The dance of light" is a dance of the primer. The two boys showHill, in the mountains shake the room lights, find, attract the lion; "the lion" is the lion appearance, see room lamp, toward the young man, the lion 's courage and powerful image. "Bite," lamp "hip lamp" depicts lion joy, excited state of mind. "Lion Dance", "Xi Shi" is the dance climax, "catch a lion dance" is the end of the. "Two rob lamp" music accompaniment to rough for its characteristics. The large gongs sound muffled sound, long, but with the fist or the palm of the hand percussion drum without drums. Especially the large gongs drum boring hammer can embody the lion fierce, clumsy character. The long sound pioneer a lion to play, like the roar of a lion. In the warm scene exciting dance pioneer, passionate voice was rising, but also can add the climax of the atmosphere. [hard lion] spread in the town area of Longyou County, Zhejiang province. Because of the lion's head with wood Rong, people also called it "the lion". Lion's head shape out of the ordinary, one's bloody mouth, donkey ears oblique vertical, odd short stature, lion skin with twine woven into the puma fur. When the lion out, double Gong gongs to clear the way, blunderbuss, firecrackers repeatedly. Dance, a small brass gong accompaniment loud noise, the lion press clamping moving mouth, issued a "bang, bang" sound, the dance to a climax, the audience shouted "olfactory Oh" cheer, showing the lion majestic momentum. For thousands of years, Hu Zhen people deified point to "hard" to the lion worship, the annual Lunar January "an idolatrous procession" in "hard lion) is the head; the famine year, ward off evil, it significantly Shenwei; peaceful times, people used to music entertainment. It accompanies them in their daily life, entrusted with the people of good faith. About the town, "hard lion", local people have such a legend. The Tang Dynasty, after the rebellion of an and Shi, came a beggar Hu Zhen, a bamboo basket on her head, in front of a lion, begging food. For several years, people have known him. Later, the man suddenly disappeared, who do not know his whereabouts, feel this person strange. Thought is the fairy world, Buddha, so, people use wood bed into a lion, like the kind of dance. Started as a, later said to "double good together", added a, into two. And "hard lion" has gradually become the town, "an idolatrous procession" program "charge into the enemy ranks" the main folk dance, the masses as "clean lamp" dance. The historical town, Longyou county has ten "hard lion". Among them, Hu Zhen town has eight of the remaining two of the adjacent to, on the outskirts of town seven townships, more concentrated distribution. Radius of only twenty-five li. But in 1966 the "Cultural Revolution" broke the "four old", Hu Zhen "Lion" were all burned to ashes. Were burned in the four half and half in the inner shell inscriptions record head. After Chen Village lion engraved with "light Ding Hai" (1827); Shangjie, including Huangkou) lions are "Tongzhi four years", Xia Jie is "Tongzhi years (i.e. Ji Chou" Tongzhi four years), it is 1865. Thus, "hard lion" according to written history, there have been one hundred and sixty years. In the town after 1949 left the lion, is one of the earliest of the three lions under Tong Village, two "service", a "retired". This "retired" lion head has burned half, engraved with "Kangxi Ding Si", namely in 1677, now has three hundred and ten years. Kangxi thirteen years (1674) "Jia Yin chaos," Jing Nan Wang Geng Jingzhong in Fujian and against the Qing Dynasty, the soldiers had entered the western Zhejiang, Longyou siege, harassment village. After the chaos under Jia Yin, Tong Cun carved "hard" to eliminate the lion. The village and the lion deification legends. Say "Dao Guang", hide the lion house was on fire. Burning the lion, a burned out, another he jumped into the pond, destroy the body of snake survived the fire. Therefore, it will also offer a burnt lion. The disaster. [name] formerly known as "December flower" Shun tea, "tea" is one of the lamp dance popular in the Quzhou area, Longyou county. The dance is composed of twelve girls, with twelve kinds of flowers, now singing, now dancing, drinking tea banquet etiquette performances for the guest. "Tea" has a long history of lamp. According to the load, every year in Longyou urban and rural have "an idolatrous procession. From thirteen to twenty-one days of the lunar January clubs in Town God's Temple's drama market which, with a lantern. One night, burning firecrackers, Titan endlessly. A village boy and horse riding, singing about the song that music......." (the Republic of China "Longyou county" the original from the 1612 series "Wanli Ren Zi Zhi") on the rise "tea", Xu 樟林 (born 1904) the old artists say, this and the folk custom. Song Ming, people pay attention to etiquette, festivals, and etiquette shengxing. Lunar January will pay New Year's call each other, rich family to treat please tea, in the guest performed some folk songs and dances, for fun, the venue in front of the hall. These performances of the dance called "tea". To treat your tea, not the mountain tea. With the passage of time, evolution has become a certain form and content of the tea picking dance "". On the Xi tou "tea" the whole dance lamp five songs, namely "string", "tea" along the array (also known as "December flower"), "when", "pour tea tea", "Pastoral" opera "with light song", "big cylinder sell cotton", "mother Wang called chicken", "swing", "Eighteen Lake boat touch" etc.. Other places "tea" is five song with no drama, and 6, and the "chemadeng", the "flower drum" to combine the art community, even play three nights. But what they have in common is to retain the "Shun", "on", "boo" tea scripts. "Shun" and "tea" tea poured the contents, different depending on the area. Longyou's "tea" the lamp twelve lyrics, sung by twelve Dan; Xia Meng Kuang's "tea" is the six lyrics, to June is "Shun tea", from seven to December for the "pour tea", from the twelve Dan singing, but the former is twelve people singing "Shun tea" sing "pour tea", the latter is six finished "Shun tea", "tea" the other six people sing it. All the "tea" in the process of performing, a clown role in the team. Flirt. "December flower" in the name of song lyrics, monthly recounts name twelve flowers, flowers in January on February March, camellia, peach, rose in May April, June July, pomegranate, lotus, orchids, September October August sweet scented osmanthus, chrysanthemum, lotus, plum blossom bloom in November, December. Show twelve girls hand basketRight hand, paper fan, fan handle with a fragrant at. The first "string array", after the clowns, squat legs, the upper body straight board, hand fan action just sing "pour tea" reporting board, then open hand paper fan invited the girl. The first to be invited to sing the January flower of girl, the girl put the basket of flowers and paper fan out, as a bow, and the two of them sing and dance, the clown sometimes paper fan girl in the jaw as flirting girl was shy like action, as, Bi dance returned to in situ. Then please February flowers, and in turn the twelve full please. The final end clown. All content, both from the provisions of aria, also because of environment, different objects and improvisation, see what what to sing, and all articles. Therefore, the clown is not only the dance of the soul, is the creator of the folk oral literature. The clown's costume with opera clown, but the hat has gone through three stages of change. The first generation of wearing a straw hoop, a grass braided forward tilt; the second generation of wearing a red hat top; the third generation of a slave cap. The evolution of hats, recorded the process characteristics of the times and historical evolution. The dance in May every year in the village junior door-to-door dance. Sing before the red tie, written on the note "tea lights," four characters, each ablazing with lights to meet. At the end of the song, the master to send packets in return. Out of the village, by the other patriarchs, president post to please, dance team was invited to. The road played a "road" set off firecrackers, to strengthen the momentum. Outside the village to please the general rich, shopkeepers, temple society, temple hall. The venue is in front of the hall, also on the table. The owner must feast, please enjoy snacks, red. In the income from accounting subjects. The first two days of February scattered light, the players in addition to eat meal, each point red, excess funds left for next year activities. The little actress three years to train a group of nine to ten years old, into the team, go to worship Buddha Temple in may under, not give up halfway into the team, serious art. It inherited from generation to generation, year after year, years of Qi singing jump, can harvest and pray for good luck....... 
Media attention and comments
The twenty-first Century world is the high-tech world, is also the civilian culture in the world, is refers to the traditional sense of the elegant culture. When the cross after twenty-first Century will also integrate social and continuously to the civilian. The creation of human beings in human motion Art -- dance, can be a variety of art in one of the most popular art style. Other human society survival condition and the emotion accumulate onto the behavior between the culture of human society, reflect the depth and breadth; and China dance is Chinese traditional folk dance, but also reflects the special function of dance. This is not only the human social activities is the basic proposition of the art of dance, and more importantly, it constitutes the human another level most alive, vibrant culture system and ideology. Since long, lonely L Meng Confucianism has been regarded as synonymous with Chinese traditional culture. Since the Western Han Dynasty, China traditional ideology is Confucianism as the mainstream, Taoism, Mohism, legalism as the unity of all classes of authors. But it has been neglected another thought system China folk existence, namely to the working people creation and activities during a lot of poems, novels, dramas, including the formation of the ideological system of the folk dance, the ideological system of Confucian thought more than creative spirit and life vitality. So, we say, China people world outlook, outlook on life, view of life and death, moral values, the concept of happiness, which is due to a widespread folk including "the romance of the Three Kingdoms", "Water Margin", these dictate body of folk literary and artistic works, but in the most widely circulated Chinese folk dance as the folk is the ordinary people become the passions, is home to one of the carrier of non judgment. In other words, it is to the human body the angle of refraction of the whole nation psychological process, marked the development of this flow path. However, different from other literary arts, Chinese folk dance as art characteristics and activities in the form of its own with mixed characteristics -- folk in weddings and funerals folk Pepsi, flexible form, strong randomness, dance, rap and and not to stick to one pattern, mobility and activity places shabby clothing dress big. And so on, not only that, due to historical reasons, the religious color of superstition and often mixed them, all this, all make the thousands of years of scholars a contemptuous disregard of this "insignificant skill", therefore is not the so-called history, even the gossip, few records. The existence of such a state of course is the historical accumulation of results. After the founding of new Chinese, this situation has fundamentally changed, reform and open policy brings the prosperity of cultural undertakings, so we have to China precious cultural heritage -- China folk dance "to" the opportune conditions, not only that, China folk dance as a kind of human activity, because the reason, the social culture in today, as usual in folk free breeding and rapid in folk spread and deep into all the folk Pepsi hundred in the situation, basically is the dance of professional and non professional creation instead of suspending. Therefore, through resolving way, detailed collation and summarized the survival, development and activities China folk dance of all, to understand the relationship between a kind of culture and society, and open up the dance development way today and channel integration and the people in the scientific summary of the emulsion, will have a very positive significance. The book is divided into paper, records, historical relics, biographies, chart of several parts, the provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) as published in the actual investigation, first-hand information, the system into provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) folk dance history, current situation, content and form, style and genre characteristics, evolution and related customs, customs. The provinces (cities, autonomous regions) dance is not considered crossing and overlapping each other, with the preservation of the detailed information and local features. The book focused on the country's manpower, material resources to write, participated in the preparation work of all sorts of experts and scholars and dance workers, the Ministry of culture of the people's Republic of China under the leadership of the provinces (municipalities directly under the central government, autonomous district,) support the culture hall, Bureau, as the organizer, Shanghai City Cultural Bureau paid a large amount of manpower and material resources, Xuelin press in the publication of this book also worked hard together? We would like to sincerely thank,"The dance of the Editorial Committee of" 
Editor recommends
The brilliant culture of Chinese dance, has a long history. It is from the source of dribs and drabs, finally into today's a vast expanse of water. In the long course of history, have towards billow, also have the Whitewater slalom but it is always restless, aspect in China earth, toward the front, towards the future. In ancient China, the dance is called "Le" an important part, the ancients said: "poem express thoughts and feelings, the singing sound out of it and dance performance, its image. The three are rooted in people's heart, and then playing musical instruments. "Le contains poetry dancing such elements. This ancient art at its birth, the original is All blend into one harmonious whole., chaos undivided. Poetry, people called music, dance, just after a long course of development, gradually formed. "The Chinese dance history in Zhejiang," as one of the dance history series, described in detail the history, current situation, content and form, style, evolution characteristics of Zhejiang folk dance and various customs. In the dance contains a deep sense of national spirit. China vast territory, numerous nationalities, the diversified natural environment and cultural traditions, imbalance in the history of the development process, a magnificent picture of a colorful, rich content of the Chinese dance culture. This book can be regarded as fully embody the China dance as the magnificent achievements of the Chinese nation's wisdom and the crystallization of the soul.
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