The modern design history

The modern design history


Basic information
The time of publication:2010-1
Press:Chongqing University
Author:Wang Shuliang Zhang Yuhua
Pages:114
Words:107000
BookTitle:The modern design history
Summary of contents
This is a specially designed for art students admitted to graduate, professional theory courses exams and get high scores and written examination. In the preparation of ideas, we have the spirit of "all for the convenience of candidates to obtain high" for the purposes of the study: combing the key knowledge points: get the general art based on bibliography or designated materials complex and lengthy narrative, a comprehensive compilation of all authority, compulsory examination materials focus on knowledge. To minimize memory strength: practicality, each entry points, arrangement, allowing candidates to the limited time and energy into the most needed areas; spend the least time, get the most points. Keywords: focus on strengthening annotation easily confused, to the examinee to ignore it as particularly marked with ★ markers, important test; test keywords are marked with bold; core point mark, let the examinee examination, one can find the key. For the annotation, the examinee must put more effort to review. According to the memory cue induction: induction test many related sites, allowing candidates to bear in mind the point in the connection and comparison in accordance with the time clue and logical clue, achieve high before the assaultEffect. Answer: to broaden the way of solving a variety of some of the questions to several different answers, or provide some way different to the same question, for each training, innovation. 
Catalog
A period of early industrial design glossary 1 design concept of design thinking in ancient western design 2 3 4 5 6 neoclassic eclecticism symbolism 7 avant-garde movement in Modern Design 8 9 Crystal Palace Expo 10 arts and crafts movement 11 John Raskin 12 William Morris 13 new art movement in 14 new art house 15 Henry Van de Wilde 16 Victor Horta 17 six group 18 Nancy's "new art movement" 19 Glasgow four design group 20 British School of Glasgow Vienna 21 "separatist 22 Gustav Klimt 23 German youth style 24 Peter Behrens 25 Hermann Muthesius 26 German industrial alliance 27 Chicago school 28 Frank Wright 29 Water Villa 30 塔特林 31 Bordeaux send t digest 1 briefly discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the arts and crafts movement and its influence. 2 Effect of the British Arts and crafts movement and its significance. 3 the design thought of John Raskin. 4 briefly discusses the design thought of William Morris. 5 the style characteristics of "new art" movement. 6 the Belgian "new art" movement development background. 7 the design thought of Henry Van de Wilde. The main achievement of 8 French "new art" movement. 9 of the French "new art" ceramic design style. Characteristics of the main architectural achievement 10 in Spanish architect Gaudi's 11 arts and crafts movement and the "new art movement" of the three stage of the 12 Anthony Gaudi design career experience 13 briefly on "separatist" what is the evaluation of 14 German industrial alliance purpose? The special 1 briefly discusses the precondition of modern design and social and historical conditions of 2 briefly discusses the main achievements of the arts and crafts movement. 3 lists "main representative of graphic design and achievement of the new art movement". 4 discuss Charles McIntosh's achievements and effects of 5 test difference between the "new art movement" and the arts and crafts movement of the 6 Comparison of "new art" movement and the arts and crafts movement. Two mature industrial design glossary 1 futurism constructivist style 4 2 3 5 6 Bauhaus functionalism in Cologne on 7 Walter Gropius 8 Mis Van de Lo 9 "less is more" 10 Paul Chris 11 M Nagy 12 John Eaton 13 Vasily Kandinsky the 14 Maroel Brewer 15 Herbert Beyer 16 Le Corbusie 17 "decorative art" movement of 18 French "art" movement 19 American "decorative art" movement style 20 "Hollywood" 21 style style doctrine 22 streamlined style 23 excellent design 24 plan to repeal system 25 Raymond Rowe 26 Henry Dreyfus 27, Miller 29 group of 28 Aiello Saarinen 30 Charles Ims 31 Ulm Design Institute 32 Braun 33 system design principle 34 Dieter Lams 35 Scandinavia design 36 organic modernism 37 Alva Arto 38 Paul Henningsen 39.PH lamp 40 Anne Jacobson 41 Hans Wa Wagner The 42 Italy rationalist movement 43 Nova Qian support motion against the mainstream design 45 44 Italy Memphis group 46 Idol Sotasas 47 Ieoh Ming Pei 49 internationalism design 48 high tech plan 50.CI 51 visual communication design 52 engineering 53 designer's social consciousness 54 designers who are the consciousness of ethical discussion 55 design special...... Three post industrial era design 
Chapter abstract
The history although relatively short, but in the design history of the role is important, the Bauhaus established a set of design teaching method and system, pay attention to the integration of science and technology and art in the course of establishment, development, laid the foundation for art and design education system later. The Bauhaus design according to ideological and practical point of view the real implementation of the unification of technology and art, formed the design principles of rationalism, created a design for modern industry. The Bauhaus was an important milepost industrial design history, the history of modern architecture, modern art history, art and design as a discipline is the symbol of the establishment of, is the cradle of modern design. Due to the historical period, the Bauhaus itself also has some limitations, such as insufficient attention to the psychological needs of people, the lack of attention to human emotion. 7 Walter Gropius Gropius was born into a family of architects in Berlin, youth in Berlin and Munich to study architecture. In 1907 the work of the Behrens firm in 1910, and Meyer partnership to open architecture firm in Berlin, and in the following year cooperation design with large glass curtain wall and the corner window law Gus factory. In 1919, Gropius in Weimar Germany created the National School of architecture, referred to as the Bauhaus, its purpose is to train the new design talents. Schools attach importance to basic training, the gradual formation of a planar, three-dimensional composition and color constitution foundation curriculum features. The school advocates the unity of art and technology, hands-on ability in both theory and literacy, emphasizing the design goal is not products, advocated in the master crafts in understanding of the characteristics of modern industry and follow the natural and objective laws of the design. In 1925, due to be persecuted by the reactionary government, the Bauhaus moved to Dessau, Gropius promoted some excellent teachers, improve the teaching plan and the facility, and the design of the new Bauhaus school. In 1928, Gropius to various pressures, resigned from the president. In 1937, Gropius to American Harvard University head of the Department of architecture, and the creation of the union design firm. Gro Pais is the founder of the twentieth Century's most important designers, design theorists and design education in twentieth Century, his influence on modern design is difficult to estimate. 8 Mies Van de ROM an important German Bauhaus design master, the third president, in 1907, he and Gropius together in Behrens's work is strongly influenced by the firm, Behrens. In 1928 he made the function of classical slogan famous: "less is more", advocate clean, concise representation of architecture, and the design of the German Pavilion at the Barcelona World Expo, highlighting the use of modern architecture in almost all the basic features, simple, functional principle, the rationalism and the reduction in the form, plus for the architectural design of furniture, especially the famous modernist classic chair -- Barcelona chair, fully embodies the spirit of national culture in Germany, become a milestone in the history of modern design. As the third president of the. First he finished school has long been the pan political intervention in the situation, and strive to make the school into a pure design education center. In 1938, Meese moved to USA, Ren Illinois Institute Professor of Department of architecture. He laid the foundation of modern design style, clear, and influencing generations of modern architects and designers. 9 "less is more" "less is more", "little" is aimed at building community is still very popular cumbersome classical decoration and put forward, because the cumbersome decoration of classical hindered the building industrialization; "-" is revealed in the big industrial production conditions may create the building concise and rich effect and the maximum use of space. Mis Van de Lo advocated the function of aesthetics of architectural design should be based on the "less is more", perfect and good performance with steel and glass technology, is the pioneer of the modern skyscraper design. Mis adopted the practice of their own life, laying out a clear modernist architectural style, and influencing generations of modern architecture and design, can be said that "the principle of Mis changed the world will be 1/3 skyline". 10 Paul Klee, Paul Klee's (1879-1940), a famous painter, abstract painting master, one of the founders of the Bauhaus basic course teaching. In 1920 I was invited to Weimar Luo paise Germany Bauhaus when basic course teachers. In the analysis of natural phenomena to open the Bauhaus curriculum form, space, movement, and X-ray studies etc.. An important contribution of the theory is that class and the basic class, writing class, to enable the students to obtain the most inspiring. 11 Mohall Naginagi was born in Hungary, early in painting and graphic design. Najib on 1921 at the Bauhaus, 1923 to replace Eaton position, responsible for the Bauhaus basic course teaching. Najib stressed the understanding of form and colour, line, rational, note on the relationship, through practice, so that students understand how to objectively analyze two space, and then extended to three dimensions, which laid the foundation for the three components for design education, also means the expressionism begins to rationalism. At the same time, Najib also tutors at the metal workshop, dedicated to the combination of metal and glass to teach students in practice, opens up a new way for the design of lamps and lanterns, here the most influential works of many of the bauhaus. He tried to transform the student from the personal artistic position to know more rational, scientific understanding and mastery of new technology and new media, has a geometric modeling very simple he guided his students made metal products, but also has clear, functional characteristics and the right to. After the dissolution of the Bauhaus, Najib in 1937 in Chicago set up a new American Bauhaus, as a continuation of the original Bauhaus, a new method is introduced America of creative education. The new Bauhaus later and IIT merge. 
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