The time of publication:2002-10Press:Xuelin PublishingAuthor:Editorial board of Chinese Dance - Chi SeriesPages:260BookTitle:The dance of
The Chinese nation has a long history and magnificent culture has its unique charm to attract Chinese and foreign people, the dance is full of mysterious and beautiful oriental color. This book provides an understanding of the best channel oriental dance for you. In the art of dance in the sea, you will feel the dance dance, light graceful scene warm and passion. Believe that "the dance records: Hebei volume" will bring you unlimited wonderful enjoyment.
"The dance of" series of "the dance of" writing the editorial committee, the Committee brings together dance scholar and famous experts provinces, city, autonomous region, has a very high social reputation and professional standards.
Review records to Cangzhou City Wu Zi Zi flower Lazi flower drum Lazi to yangko dance yangko dance yangko dance yangko dance a little crazy ugly poster drum yangko dance drum octagonal drum drum drum yangko dance Si five Funing Taiping drum fan drum fan drum drum drum cavity back bucket Ya drum - Inch sub inch rocker Diping stilts stilts stilts in Pingquan historical biography appendix charts......
Digest feudal society is to the "Teachers Day ancestral" for the common moral standards of society, which is based on the theory of "the day, people almost ancestral". The feudal rulers has long advocated and preached the "mandate of heaven", "filial piety", is its political embodiment. This theory to make the contrast, dual rule voluntarily placed under the theocracy and the regime rulers worship God, adheres to the system, thus forming a common social psychological. It binds thoughts, stifle the creative instinct, become the social development of the reactionary. But single folk dance, it has a dual nature, on one hand, worship the gods of social psychology, so that some ancient folk dances with sacrifice and practical value are preserved. On the other hand, the sacrifice is a vassal of the feudal ethical code, its aesthetic value of natural exclusion folk dance. Therefore, some folk dances of the asylum, and the nature of inhibition. In ancient Cixian "Ya drum", it is from the Northern Wei Dynasty retained so far, to a large extent, is because it has practical value in the sacrifice. Because of this, its aesthetic value because of sacrifice and the imprisoned and suppression, although one thousand 500 years, still can only act as a "side knock Ya drum" role, it is difficult to separate. And it became the sisters "tapestry", now we have no enough data to indicate that it also stems from the Northern Dynasties, but it can be asserted, it is the oldest, was attached and surviving in sacrifice, and because of the death of sacrifice to form of art. In recent years, after mining, then appeared in the spring festival activities among the ranks, but its dance (curtain spectrum) copy was in 1884 when the. This old and stiff dance, although can rely on its long bright color and shape singular as the Spring Festival flower show activity strong momentum, but as a dance, it is difficult to arouse people's aesthetic of contemporary resonance. As early as in the "Liezi said Fu" were recorded in the Song Dynasty, once active acrobatics and dance team "stilts", although has a long history, has preliminarily from the pure art to art road, but because of its main character, a longtime folk festival, most are still at a relatively low level, aesthetic function have not been necessary to play. Although increased the number of roles and imitate opera costumes, but among these roles, with little lateral contact, at best is combined with several individual performers. "See the technical not feeling" is common in most of the Hebei stilts. Dance to measure defined today, it is a variety of roles joint performance of loose dance team, and this situation is in Hebei province can be found everywhere, is not an individual phenomenon. Ethics under the feudal system, play a ritual function of folk performers will focus more on the dance. The worship for the leading dance ideas, the folk dance even in pure entertainment show, also cannot surpass the most dancers and audience psychological endurance. This is the main reason of Hebei folk dance aesthetic value is hard to play. Natural, pure amateurism, folk dance that is much more than a month, once a year, at least three five days of rehearsal and performance, which is an important cause of folk dance aesthetic function in long term come to a standstill: after the Republic of China, "Jidong to yangko dance" highlights "zi". The theme of the love between men and women. But, this phenomenon is not accidental, a local commercial capital is more developed, the farmer thought more open. Two is the "founder of Wang Zuoyun Zi", is a rural intellectuals under the influence of Western culture. Even if this is the case, the long feudal system formed the common social psychology still plays a major role in anti. Until the early years of the Republic, some folk artists have their own show called: "youth is wicked, twist, into the middle-aged people, especially the children get married, they must not be re staged. "Cangzhou city" is a folk dance in Hebei before the foundation of the new Chinese, for their own survival, more focus is one of the few dances to the aesthetic function. Its development with the help of semi occupation artists to explore and try, but more folk dance, while also gradually added twist with men and women, but to the clown and Choi Po torsion tease form. Young men and women make almost all manifestations of torsion, rich men's sons molesting women evil, is essentially a station in the feudal ethics angle, criticism of the evil, not in love. In short, Hebei folk dance has distinct sacrifice practical value, the value of play, from the feudal system of common social psychology, and the psychological basis is "Jing day ancestral". Therefore; as long as the existence of the feudal economic basis, social psychology has feudal, cause common social psychological "Jing day ancestral" ideological system, there is the ritual activities, the same performer pure amateur nature, aesthetic value of folk dance is difficult to play straight. Abnormal development of ritual function and serve the feudal ethics is the inevitable stage of historical development. Fengning Manchu Autonomous County is located in the northern area, the winter long summer is short, less rainfall. Therefore, the local people is in "three official", namely by Taoism as the "days of official, officials, the official water". This shows that the local people rely on sunlight, soil, moisture is heavy. Therefore, the local people set up "three official congregation", their own sustenanceYearning and desire. All administrative rights three official congregation exercise show entertainment and ritual activities. "Small yangko dance" is a program which. Every lunar twelfth lunar month, the three official congregations belonging to the file will have rehearsals in the respective first command. Lunar New Year Lantern Festival day before and after the show. The cost of every donated by the villagers, the revenue can be. After that, the donor list released to the public, the local called "write cloth". If the funds are insufficient to maintain fair activities required by the family, package, because the three officer first by the family as the congregation. During the show, the first amusement God shows, and entertainment show. The Chinese lunar January thirteen days, each file will be gathered in a predetermined location, "Lion", "stilts", "small yangko dance", "sin Keiju", formed a huge sacrifice dance team, under the command of the first set, go forward with great strength and vigour to three Officer Temple, the first set off firecrackers, incense, to worship, the three officer piety, pray for human and livestock prosperity, good weather, a bumper grain harvest, good luck in everything. Worship, various grade of flowers in front of the temple gods. The amusement God acting and entertainment show no two, but is a solemn, solemn, and a bit of mystery. The Chinese lunar January fourteen days outside the village, was invited to show, for entertainment, the close relations between villages. All outside the village show, main prior to send an invitation, dance team, welcome to cannon, and the smoke tea, cakes, candy treatment. Bi Li village sent forward. This custom, remain. According to Cheng Guan Xi Jie out to spend the old artist Wu Yannian (born in 1934) and others say: listen to the elders, the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong, during the Spring Festival, temple, Linzhang city make everywhere "Shehuo", but the West has nothing, residents feel ashamed. In order to give the West Zhengkou Qi, a person from Henan province to the living open museum dumplings shopkeeper the street, will themselves "out to spend" to the West Street residents. Since then, "West out to spend" has become a unique folk art. Dance team is generally a male and a female role play, a similar character in the opera, and Opera repertoire in the role of naming. Such as "emperor's lover" Zhao Kuangyin (red) and Beijing Niang; "fish kill" is Xiao Enhe Xiao Guiying, and "journey to the west" in the "three strikes", "he", "五鬼闹判". According to the required character repertoire, holding the necessary props, but no strict requirement. Dance team in many opera characters, and veteran, Bao Kui, silly boy (neck hung a water chamber), glazed ghost (head), ugly. Glazed ghost red hat, wearing a black play clothes, red colored trousers, tiger vest, waist apricot big band, wearing a black soft boots. The right shoulder back waist back a document, insert a tiger head, both hands holds about nine feet, the ends of two small fish chain. Splay eyebrow, brow began from the nose and mouth to draw a sharp nose under the white tile, painted red, two false incisor made from corn kernel, embedded in the real teeth. On both sides of the temple each draw a big white spots, white in the middle set of red dots. Ugly black Baotou, resembling a head, behind the bar code. A carrot or corn kernel, top is inserted a wind calabash, bun with two red flowers, two pepper do earrings. Makeup and opera caidan. Wearing a blue satin pants and jacket, green satin big vest, wearing colored shoes, both hands holds the "bangchui". Activity time mainly in the Chinese lunar January. After the annual Lunar January day after worship, is concentrated in rehearsal, leading (i.e. total command) under the guidance of the dancers are going to walk, "striding" strict requirements, training, walking fast, stable, drift, such as water line in general. "Ghost Glass" is to choose the waist, legs flexible juvenile various skills training. Lantern Festival afternoon, first in the street rehearsal. Sixteen days before the lunar January show to the street Jigong Temple Temple worship. Bi, setting off firecrackers. Beginning in the county street performances. Seventeen days after the lunar January, such as outside the village invited, but also to show to the lunar January outside the village, twenty days, all the end of the show. Formerly, had participated in the temple (Buddhist Festival "opening", the "Jiao"). "On", "a" two kind of performance form. "On the street" dance team into two columns, leading handheld flags (triangular flag, a letter to word) walk in the dance team before. Ghost Glass (heads) and then, for the dance team "squat step", hand chains backwards. Waterloo Road, Bao Kui's behind the dance team (Hua Wei). Lao holding a horsetail whisk away "lame", packet Kui leaning with both hands a stick Point Road ahead. The dancers are arranged according to Chinese opera figures, men and women and white, are "too small" (striding) run "fence" formation. With the band marching with dance, percussion accompaniment. "On the street" in the process, such as the case of pregnant table (welcome dance team performances, put on the table and wine, candy, pastry called smoke, like table) to do "a". "Play" the foolish boy mouth will chamber pots of water spray to the audience, the site opened, leading to the band performing beside the command station. At this time, the band with the band playing (combat, stop playing), small cymbals with pipe band drumming. Dance team go all kinds of formation, such as pearl curtain "," roll down white cabbage "," horse mane "," the snake, "his" character ". At this time, ghost glass can be present central dance and dance team in the role of (mostly clown) do some humorous comical improvised action. On the formation graph can be waved flags, leading, specify a group show. Its performance is relatively simple, such as instruction "broken bridge", just by Xu Xian play umbrella, white snake sleeves can be. Finally by the glazed ghosts and ugly Ghost Glass Ceiling "performances" (i.e. local operas in fear of wife lamp). Ugly woman hand batted mallet, straighten the eyebrow and raise the eyes, wooden club hit, scared glazed ghost not attached, the art show to begin (the other characters around the park "striding"), such as "drill stool", "under the table", "head oil bowl lamp", "on line", "lying", "turn", "roll" and so on, and on the table is the "phoenix", "the sea", "independent", to be ugly, with "big show Ghost Glass grind" (glass. Top with lamp into the sea action, ugly woman pushed the ghost glass roll), the band accompaniment speed accelerate the performance reaches the high tide. At this time, holding a leading flag, the end of the show. Dance has a distinct personality, the main role of ghosts glass "squat step", feet fast high light down, to give people smart, funny feeling. In addition to the ceiling high difficulty performing art to give the infection. Hag action is "Shun" as the characteristic, the so-called CIS shoulder and side of the body is moving,Arm, waist, hips, legs start at the same time, place the action, arms elbow, hand clappers, leg flexion and extension, at the same time, shoulders shrug, the upper part of the body from front to back like waves rolling. This is usually called shun the law turn, resulting in dynamic image unique. The band consists of wind and percussion. Wind the suona, sea flute (small suona, Sheng, flute nausea.). Percussion music and opera hall. Playing music is , [fastest sedan Chan son] and other folk music. Because of the many roles for improvisation, length, speed, strength of the music by performers closely performance. [flower] produced and circulated in Jingxing County, is a distinctive dance folk mountain. The deep and subtle charm, vigorous, desolate, depressing art style, expressive dance and movement, loved by the masses, is regarded as one of the dance dance the most representative in Hebei province. The word "flower", in Hebei some kinds of dance (such as "fire", "Wan Quan Si yangko dance drum" etc.) is in young women, role name, while in Jingxing county is the name a special dance as, its origin is undocumented. "Flower" have no written in the artist, the spread of source in many legends of song, yuan, Ming, but no solid evidence. Some people on the basis of the fresco of Shanxi Jin Tomb of dance posture, believed to originate from the Jin dynasty. However, according to a dance that one species origin, is not. Now, only from the master apprentice relationship, history of physical aspects of the origin of artists.......
Postscript written sign off when we were relaxed, fatigue, ushered in the joy. Meantime, the ancient dance activities in the Yanzhao children dance figure suddenly appears in front of my eyes. "The Chinese Dance Records compilation, Hebei volume" is published, on their return. This makes the author long not calm mood also get some relief. Hebei provincial Party committee and the Department of culture leading comrades of the concern, support, and earmarked funding, is "the dance of Hebei volume" writing can be a powerful guarantee for smoothly. "The dance of Hebei volume" in the writing process, has been "the guidance and help of Chinese Dance" editor in chief editor and deputy editor of blue all comrades of Comrade Zhang You, if not enthusiastic guidance and help them, "the dance of Hebei volume" is impossible in a short period of a book. In this special thanks. "The dance of Hebei volume" is to "China folk dance ensemble, Hebei volume" as the main material was prepared by the. "Hebei dance" also provides some information for the book. Hereby, and expressed gratitude to the contributors. "The dance of Hebei volume" and "China folk dance integration in Hebei volume" is a companion piece, have inseparable relationship. But as the dance records, no experience to learn, and the editor's meager knowledge, power is weak, regret, ask the experts and readers generous with your criticism, so as to improve and enhance the. Hebei province is the heritage of a large province, but with the Hebei dance of historical relics, hard to find, people is not complete, be regret. In October 1, 2001 @##@ editor
The Chinese nation has a long history and magnificent culture has its unique charm to attract Chinese and foreign people, the dance is full of mysterious and beautiful oriental color. This book provides an understanding of the best channel oriental dance for you. In the art of dance in the sea, you will feel the dance dance, light graceful scene warm and passion. I believe this book will bring you unlimited wonderful enjoyment.
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