The time of publication:1970-1Press:Academic PressAuthor:Liu CengfuPages:400BookTitle:Peking Opera in new order
In the past the opera used Luan, Er Huang (spring), yellow (CP, Er Huang), the old opera, Pingju (North Ping Zhiping), Chinese name. Beijing Opera is a relatively new term. "Modern Chinese Dictionary" interpretation of the opera is "one of the main drama nationwide in china. Since the middle period of Qing Dynasty, with the main tone, Erhuang tune, Han Diao have entered Beijing, Anhui Han combined into Beijing pihuang drama, namely Peking opera. Also called Beijing opera." The past, Luan was Emperor Qian Long in the Qing Dynasty Jiaqing years of Kunqu Opera, Yiyang, outside the cavity Opera (tone) collectively. To Guangxu years, Qing Luan meaning in, is about to play the xipi and erhuang. Two cavity is Hu Qinqiang's name in the Qian Long period of the Qing Dynasty, Hu Qin cavity designed with Hu Qin as the rhythm. Today, the "modern Chinese Dictionary" is yellow, yellow and other terms. Beijing now called Beijing, Ping opera so now called Beijing opera. The formal application of Chinese word to the opera institute. This work is to study and training China original drama school, or the old drama, especially the Peking opera. Clearly, the Chinese of course is not limited to the Beijing opera, Kunqu Opera, Shaanxi opera, opera, opera, Sichuan, Yunnan opera drama are all in. Although the name of Peking Opera in Beijing, is also developed in Beijing, but in the root and non Beijing native, has this drama is still largely preserved the chanting of rhyme, tone on the place; one is in southwestern Anhui and adjacent areas of Southeast Hubei is its history origin. In the process of development, Peking Opera is not limited to Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Fujian Province, Han, throughout the northeast of Beijing opera performance, the performance of its national. But what exactly is the Peking Opera? In twentieth Century 30 in the early 1980s, a new opera and drama theory. Today, including drama, drama, drama is a word, opera, ballet, opera, Peking Opera, which including the Kunqu and various local operas. The following for the sake of convenience, according to this concept of Beijing opera art to be discussed. From the artistic style, not only has the general characteristics of Peking Opera China opera, but also has its own characteristics; the general style of Beijing opera is the opera, and it also has its own style. The past: play story matinee, and advocate for the theater and the dwarf base; said today: actors, excellent actors often called a performing artist. Chinese traditional opera performances are actors in just a few tables chairs on the stage, in scenes of accompaniment, field assisted, shouldering the scenery, singing, dance, acrobatics, and other performing tasks ". The actors playing and acting are delicate, exquisite, have certain specifications, practices, there are strict training, kung fu. To play things, the plot is simplified, strengthening performance means. In the show, the story of the time, space, or extended shortened at any time, expands and contracts, with time, or constitute the art features. The performance focus on rhythm and tidy, using virtual technique, shows the typical ideal. Stage performance is sing, read, do, hit the integration, and matched with the scene, in terms of rigorous, fully using the signal of song and dance and costume block at the end to simulate, said all kinds of things, plot. The actor branch strictly, and various figures show the obvious difference between specification. Performance avoid waste pen, compact time; change without the curtain, in the percussion orchestra music, in terms of the layout table, continuous took another. This common scene, market behavior, to listen and understand the movie audience understanding, habit, on the scene and field personnel to pay no heed to the mentality of attentive gaze, actors, and drama is played by actor, is art, not the true story, understand the stands, stands on what what need not. Will the playgoers appreciate opera culture, they appreciate art, not practicing kung fu, not as actor body, personal drama art carrier, they appreciate is appearance, singing so, scene of the play, behind the stunt, from the opera drama, taste, taste of beauty feeling, understanding history, understanding of social values. The Chinese opera art featureAlso the general characteristic is the Peking opera. Chinese opera with local characteristics, the Peking opera art is no exception. Beijing opera art features and local, especially singing Chu language rhyme and tone related. Peking Opera spread throughout the country, but also has its traditional style of Peking opera. Beijing opera has a style of its own, different actor has its individual characteristics, but the overall style their with Tianjin, Shanghai, northeast and other parts of the Beijing Opera used to play style is significantly difference. Mei Lanfang art system formulation today, Mei Lanfang himself said that Tan Xinpei, Yang Xiaolou shows that the China opera performance system. It can be said that Mei Lanfang respect for the elder, the elders, but similar to Tan Xinpei, Wang Yaoqing, Yang Xiaolou is always very respected. In twentieth Century 20, everybody said that Yang Xiaolou, Yu Shuyan He Mei Lan Fang is a representative figure of Beijing opera circle divided into three parts, their performance style is very consistent, concise, smooth, reserved, modest, they are the three art in common. Historically, the overall expansion, can say, from Cheng Changgeng to Tan Xinpei, then to Mei, Yang, Yu, these bits and generous family opera art, especially in style, is a complete, continuous system, including the choice of dramas. Special contribution of Mei Lanfang is to follow the trend of the times, the unique style of the opera system spread to the whole world to occupy a space for one person, the Peking Opera Art in the world. The formation of Beijing opera scouring, mindful, implicit, moderate and other special style, has its historical and social conditions. Palace of the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China social life custom, has certain influence on it, but is fundamentally on art, basic skills or with Beijing opera to requirements directly related. The Qing Dynasty old Kunqu opera performance art, in the specification and style, has the important guiding role for the Beijing opera. Cheng Changgeng has an important promotion merit for his Peking Opera Art development. His acting, his training for the training of talents, the show with his opera art, to Beijing later Beijing Opera figures, have a fundamental impact on performance style. P11-12
He Yi (words beside) Sun Gong to have complex at the age of six, with complex meet Mr. Yan Lanqiu. Mr. Yan that often go the theater background frolic, this was once again the beginning of contact Beijing opera. Then the complex ten years have seen many good, heard many drama sages conversation, read many Chinese opera literature, the complex of Beijing Opera is have a smattering of, in the end. The remembrance of all truth, compilation of selected, the self, to not forget. Ceng Fuping was born in Beijing only officially heard Peking Opera, because only talk about the Beijing opera art. In addition due to the limitations of knowledge, discusses many problems can only be in Beijing old art to do examples. The recorded information for people, and academic reference, and hope to rectify. The book of Comrade Tu Chucai, depends on the notation, Wang Wenfang, in Zhongzhou and Comrade Zhang Ke point, Cao Qimin, Liu Songkun, Ma peace Comrade Li Yun and Comrade Zhu Jiajin proposed a revision, and write the title of the book, Chen Zhiming's editing, Beijing opera Kunqu Promotion Association and Beijing Yanshan press support, compliments of Xie Chen. Liu Cengfu came to know the winter of 1998
Opera and drama wedge recalling the first chapter opera system first stage process trace second day old Tan Yi spectrum section third in this ancient Yi Ju fourth day Fifth Festival 居安资深 chapter second Peking opera art section "Liyuan primary" Yu Shuyan in the second quarter, Mei Lanfang, Hou Xirui. Third section "modern drama" fourth day singing one rhyme the fifth section "the art of Peking Opera" in section sixth do play similarly section seventh examples as the third chapter eighth section of Peking Opera facial makeup language note first learn play our second day will play third day understand play the fourth chapter of famous comment section Qian Jinfu second Wang Fengqing third Wang Junzhi fourth Wang Rongshan fifth Yan Jupeng sixth Guan yuan seventh Yang Baosen eighth Han Leqing ninth Li Shifang tenth Liang Xiaoluan appendix a discusses opera system inheritance mainstream and other appendix two "new order" @##@ about Beijing Opera
"New Beijing Opera (Revised Edition)" the author of more than eighty years, the school drama, theatre studies, not only valuable information to be retained, but to guide the modern people's eyes on. Thanks to Mr. Liu Cengfu's profound knowledge, "the great, is very practical, and have very important research value".
"New Beijing Opera (Revised Edition)" published by academic press.
Peking Opera in new order download
Peking Opera in new order download
Art TXT downloadArt @ 2017