The time of publication:2011-11Press:Chen Linlin, Liao Ben, China Federation of literary and art circles Publishing Corporation (2011-11)Author:Chen LinlinPages:126BookTitle:Chinese folk dance
"The Chinese minority folk dance" in a forthcoming book. Have the honor to participate in the China Federation of literary and art circles focus publishing project "the quintessence of China Art reading books written work, I was excited but also feel a heavy responsibility. I was born in the national folk dance professional, theoretical research in recent years to folk dance, from practice to theory of a little experience. I love Chinese ethnic and folk dance, she after thousands of years of history, not only reflects the rich and colorful, with strong Chinese style beauty of art, also is an important part of traditional Chinese culture. This book will focus on this, do what I can to show to the readers. Because of my knowledge level and have limited information, coupled with the extensive contents, in the process of writing, I mainly to the introductory text for a description of some representative form of dance, to detailed and vivid, easy to understand. Writing, book twists and turns a lot, to be completed, first of all thanks to generations of dance, image record by our hard work as Chinese dance left the footprints of history, I want to express heartfelt thanks to the "Chinese folk dance integration", "Chinese folk dance culture course" and other books of the materials. Thank you Mr. Luo Bin, Ms. Zhang Donghui, Ms. Lei Juan, Ms. Zhao Ni and others to help. Although I try my best to collect, compile and check, but missed and biased place very much, hope experts and scholars of criticism, enlighten me, I do not appreciate!
In twenty-first Century, the human civilization is entering a new time and space. Whether or not willing to, each country, each nation, and each is the time a clean sweep; whether or not they admit that every culture and every culture elements, even every culture gene are facing a decisive choice. Because, by virtue of science and technology and the cultural innovation of original hair is super speed, with the global integration and diffusion of cultural consumption dazzling. When this test, open China life clearly, not only to achieve the high speed growth of the national economy, the rapid development of science and technology, but also pay attention to the construction of harmonious culture, which based on the local, traditional, ethnic, and facing the world, modern and future, carry forward the Chinese culture, the sharing of human civilization, is committed to promote the harmonious world process, cause global attention. In the realization of social transformation, the process of industrialization and urbanization and the industrialization and modernization, and we didn't panic, we are not insensitive, we did not give up the responsibility, but long-term perspective, consider the situation, scientific decision-making, careful deployment, the concept, talent, technology, capital, market and other difficulties, the national cultural protection, inheritance, transformation, innovation, development, practice and development of cultural productivity, coordinating the relationship between the production of culture, the cultural transformation, to ensure the safety of national culture, to participate in the creation and sharing of multi culture in the contemporary world. Among them, the most noteworthy is the protective action of the Chinese cultural heritage in China began in twentieth Century 80's response to UNESCO advocated. Due to the correct leadership of the party and the state, and adhere to the practice of Arts and cultural sector, to actively participate in the whole nation so far, we have established a cultural heritage protection system of leadership, to develop a comprehensive planning of cultural heritage protection, has taken including international protection, national protection, civil protection, education and protection, legal protection, the protection of academic and industry protection, a series of measures, the implementation of the project, the Chinese national folk culture protection project, the national oral and intangible cultural heritage protection of the rescue project of Chinese folk culture heritage, the naming of cultural heritage of outstanding heritage of the people, the establishment of the system of national heritage day, released a number of national cultural heritage list, to declare success dozens of world heritage projects, accelerate the pace of legislation of cultural heritage. This triggered a cultural event count, but see Kong Zi openly to the world. The people of all countries to reveal the "China miracle" language needs; to "100 forum" as the representative of the culture of ancient popular on Chinese social history "charge" and the "moisten things silently" strengthen the role of cultural identity; the traditional festivals of the recovery like bamboo shoots after a spring rain, urban and rural people cultural life more rich; rearranging the national heritage is to expand its scope and mining its depth, make the fourth Confucian revival has gradually become possible; ethnic culture by unprecedented protection and utilization, the spiritual home of the colorful pluralism; cultural exchanges with countries around the world continue to strengthen, the Chinese civilization is increasingly showing "harmonious Wanbang" charm. All this shows that the prospect of a splendid culture: a Chinese nation's great new complex has quietly begun, a prosperity and development as a symbol of the cultural construction of new high tide is rising, a cultural dialogue officially opened. Across the mountains, across the rapids, suddenly look back 5000 years of accumulation of traditional culture, we sigh ancestors amazing wisdom, great creation and great mind. Heritage conservation, reflect on history, we finally found that they are not an obstacle, the burden of development, it is the spirit of the support, the treasure of knowledge, it is the political construction, economic construction, social construction and cultural construction of inexhaustible resources and permanent power. Looking to the future, to embrace the world, we are confident that the Chinese civilization is the fundamental symbol of the Chinese nation, is the only bridge in China and the world to understand each other. We with itAlways on the same. Based on this understanding, we took two years to creative published the "China National Art chrestomathy" series. Its purpose is to the Chinese people, especially the young people of our nation crystallization inheritance of artistic creation, but also to show the world the essence of Chinese culture. For this work, China Federation of literary and art circles attach great importance, not only to give financial support, and vice president Sun Jiazheng, chairman Hu Zhenmin, the pro - director of the editorial board specific guidance; the State Press and publication administration concerned about specific performance in the approved project, and ensure the publication ISBN; Chinese Union Press will be identified as high-quality projects and strive to carefully design, elaborate organization, careful implementation, Li Shudong, song Jianmin, Xi Yaohua, Zhu Huijun, Wang Liming and other leaders such as Zhang Haijun director is dedicated, editors and authors excluding fame and excelsior attitude is touched me. Geng Sheng not only, has participated in and witnessed the turn of the century started all the rejuvenation of Chinese civilization and heritage protection, editor is very honored to act as the "quintessence of Chinese culture art book series. This is not my ability and status and is I can't refuse the mission. I expect that through this series, art is the quintessence of Chinese culture to provide our readers know and cherish, inheritance, attention, protection, China's cultural heritage to get the community use, China's spiritual wealth are common to all mankind, of all, sharing. If the country were more self-esteem, self-confidence, self-esteem, self-reliance, because this series come out, I will feel very pleased; if because of the existence of the series make the world understand China more objective, comprehensive, rational, accurate and the humanities, I will feel very pleasant. In twenty-first Century, the human civilization is entering a new time and space. This space does not exclude the old, which uphold the principle of "innovation". The time does not reject foreign culture, also asserted that "for foreign use". Or, the new space-time as Chun; or, by the new time, engulfing alienation. For the order. In December 30, 2007 (the China Federation of literary and art circles @##@ Secretary)
Tibetan folk dances are rich, is all encompassing, variety. Different forms and jump method can result in different function: some preach the doctrines, some people express their emotion in enjoy singing and dancing, some people are satisfied with their spirit. First of all, from the point of view of geographical distribution. The Tibetans living area is very extensive. And all because of natural environment and cultural customs of the dance colorful appearance based on common characteristics of the. From this level, the Tibetan dance can be divided into: Tibet Tibetan dance in Tibet autonomous region is the main residence of tibetan. The dance is the Tibetan people making fun of "harmony", "Zhuo", "fruit". And the emphasis on the performance properties of "duixie" and "hot" and "Nang Ma". One of the main communities in Qinghai District, Qinghai is also China's Tibetan Tibetan dance, located in Yushu, Guoluo, Huangnan, Hainan, Haibei and Hercynian and Haidong eight county. Representative dance "Zhuo" and "in" and "hot" and "soft" and "Chamo" etc.. Gansu Tibetan dance in Gansu Tibetan people are mainly distributed in the Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, and Wuwei region in Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County of Sunan and Zhangye's solid Autonomous County, in addition to part of the rural areas in Longnan District of Wudu, Wenxian, Dang County, Minxian and other places also have distribution. Most of them believe in Tibetan buddhism. Gansu Tibetan dance is summed up in two categories: traditional folk dance and the dance, there are "Zhuo", "more" and "soft" and "Chamo" four. In addition, in Gansu Tibetan area has also been reflected in fighting "array", "harmonious dance", and with the original worship style "old black", "monkey dance", "尕巴 dance". Sichuan Tibetan dance in Sichuan Tibetan people are mainly distributed in Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, part of the rural areas of Liangshan Yi Nationality Autonomous Prefecture of Muli Tibetan Autonomous County and Mianning County, Yanyuan, two and the Ya'an area of Baoxing, asbestos and the city of Mianyang Pingwu county. Sichuan Tibetan major dance "Zhuo" and "harmony", "Archer", "Reba" and religious dance "chamo". In addition to the main form of dance, in Sichuan Tibetan area has also been reflected hunting dance, for example, Heishui county "Shull Phuket" is the original worship style dance, Shimian County "jump the wolf" is the sacrificial mask dance, as well as Pingwu Baima Tibetan "Darnace world", Jinshan County "Thirteen of God" and so on. Yunnan Tibetan dance in Yunnan Tibetan live mainly in the Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Zhongdian, Deqin, Weixi County, moreover also has distribution in Lijiang, Eryuan, Gongshan, Ninglang, Dali and other cities and counties. The main types of Yunnan Tibetan Dance "Zhuo", "Butterfly" and "hot" and "Chamo", the overall style, movement, and Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet similar dances similar. Secondly, from the perspective of functions of dance, Tibetan folk dance can be divided into self entertaining dance and performing dance two categories. Self entertaining dance, just as its name implies is to entertain themselves and dance. It has the following characteristics: first, this kind of dance is not for the purpose of performing, but mass entertainment activities and mutual communication means; second, a wide range of mass in the form of dance, such as the site is not restricted, dance is easy to learn; again, there are close exchanges between the dance, such as hand in hand, face to face, frequently exchange position and cyclic, dance, people widely contact, exchange of feelings. Performing dance, which refers specifically to the audience and the performance of the program. This dance except in some occasions by the dancer to improvise, generally have a theme, the plot and characters (characters), the actor performing the audience infection. Its main features: the first is the creator's intention through the role of expression; the second is the dance by the director arranged by the music, the limit of the length, dancers can not play; finally it on stage or performance venue space constraints, but also can make full use of various conditions such as lighting, stage, stage and so on, to help express the content of the works. Tibetan square entertainment dance consists mainly of "harmony", "zhuo","Guoxie", performing dance consists mainly of "duixie" and "hot" and "Nang Ma". From the spread of the regional perspective, "Guoxie" and "duixie", "Lang Ma harmonic" mainly spread in the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin, located in Jinsha River basin in vast areas of the dance form is "harmony", "Zhuo" etc.. With the development of the times, the dance is popular gradually expand to the whole Tibet and other Tibetan inhabited areas. In addition, the style of dance, Tibetan local folk songs and dances in the long history of culture by the masses creation and influence, in the overall style and unique style and charm, and some rough heroic, some soft and bright, such as "harmonious" exquisite and delicate, "Guoxie" unrestrained, "heap harmonious" cheerful enthusiasm, "Reba" technique strength...... It is the leading position, its own unique. P8-10
The typical form of the land, close to a Tibetan Dance 1 Tibetan dance in 2 Tibetan Dance (1) Cham (2) Zhuo (3) harmonic (4) harmonic stack (5) fruit harmonic (6) and Gerba (7) the typical form of Nang Ma 5 Tibetan dance works two, stretch at the main characteristics of the sky one one the dance of the Mongolia nationality 1 Mongolia nationality survey 2 of Mongolia dance dance of the Mongolia nationality of 3 (1) (2) on behalf of the chopsticks dance (3) Bowl Dance and dazhongzi (4) and Chama (5) lamp dance (6) Bo 4 dance dance of the Mongolia nationality works analysis three, burning passion -- typical morphology characteristics of 3 Uygur dance dance dance step 4 Uygur Uygur Uygur Uygur culture influence 1 of 2 on the dance (1) and Macy Lev (2) and Senem (3) duolangwu (4) summer Yana (5) plate dance (6) typical morphological characteristics of nano Zi Er Qom 5 Uygur dance works, bearing four the distant effect of Korean Dance 1 Korean overview 2 Korean culture on the Korean Dance 3 Korean dance of 4 Korean dance (1) agricultural dance (2) long drum dance like a cap (3) (4) and (5) the knife sword dance dance dance (6) flat drum dance 5 Korean dance works analysis five, colorful -- he ethnic dance 1 colorful Dai The peacock dance dance (1) (2) the elephant foot drum dance (3) 2 colorful fish dance dance of the Miao Miao Lusheng dance (1) (2) (3) encouraged on Caragana Dance 3 kinds of dances of the Yi people (1) dance with cigarette (2) drum dance of constant group 4 to talk God inspired 5 a cat @##@ Zhuang Fire Dance
"Chinese folk dance" from the geographical distribution of the population, many Tibetans, Mongolia nationality, Uygur and Korean four minority as the main object, and Dai, Yi, WA and other minorities, through concise main performance form of ethnic history, features and cultural roots of dance, dance, dance and literature appreciation and other aspects of the introduction.
Qu Mei rich classical story, fully display the development track of the quintessence of Chinese culture art through a long long. Beautiful, bright vivid reflect the quintessence of art picture, stereo highlights the extraordinary achievements of five thousand years of Chinese folk art. A young students easily into the quintessence of art door happily the popularity of reading. A let every family preferred books culture of the quintessence of Chinese culture and build the artistic atmosphere. A multiple convenient retrieval functions of the quintessence of Chinese culture and art. Chen Linlin compiled the "Chinese folk dance" as one of "the quintessence of China Art reader". Book through the many stories and pictures with us into the Yangko ocean, to discover and understand this has a profound historical accumulation of Han nationality song and dance art.
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